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14.02.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2018

The European Journal of Health Economics 1/2018

Corruption costs lives: evidence from a cross-country study

Zeitschrift:
The European Journal of Health Economics > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Qiang Li, Lian An, Jing Xu, Mina Baliamoune-Lutz
Wichtige Hinweise
This research was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities and Applied Economics Research, SWUN (2014XWD-S0202), Humanities and Social Sciences Project from the Ministry of Education of China (15XJC790012), and Sichuan Social Science Research Fund (SC14ZD07). We would like to thank Gordon Liu, Qinying He, Pinghan Liang, Jian Lu, Shuang Ma and all Participants of first Xiangzhang Seminar in Chengdu for helpful comments.

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of corruption on health outcomes by using cross-country panel data covering about 150 countries for the period of 1995 to 2012. We employ ordinary least squares (OLS), fixed-effects and two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimation methods, and find that corruption significantly increases mortality rates, and reduces life expectancy and immunization rates. The results are consistent across different regions, gender, and measures of corruption. The findings suggest that reducing corruption can be an effective method to improve health outcomes.

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