Brazilian jiu-jitsu is characterized by musculoskeletal disorders and high occurrence of sports injuries. The present study was aimed to analyze some internal factors, as well as to describe occurrence and characteristics of retrospective musculoskeletal injuries in different age groups of Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners.
One hundred ninety-three Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners, which were divided into three age groups: Adolescent, Adult, and Master. Besides anthropometric characterization, standard clinical tests were conducted to analyze the global and segmental joint flexibility, lumbar spine range of motion, and handgrip strength. Sports injury occurrence and total physical activity were obtained from an adapted morbidity survey and International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Form (IPAQ-SF), respectively.
A total of 247 cases of retrospective injuries was registered (1.27 injury/ participant). Occurrence of rectus femoral muscle retraction in the right leg was increased within Master. Adult and Master have exhibited higher occurrence of sports injuries than Adolescent group (p < 0.05). Joint injuries were the most common sports-related injuries by all Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners. While female gender and exposure time constituted the most predictive variables for sports injury occurrence in Adolescent, graduation level was more associated with sports injuries occurrence in Adult.
Joint injuries derived from combat demands were the main sports injury in all age categories of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Master subjects presented a higher occurrence of clinical changes and retrospective musculoskeletal injuries in relation to other age groups. Female gender and exposure time constituted the main predictive factors in adolescent subjects, while graduation category was more directly associated with retrospective injury onset in the Adult group.
Andreato LV, Julio UF, Gonçalves Panissa VL, Del Conti Esteves JV, Hardt F, Franzói de Moraes SM, et al. Brazilian jiu-jitsu simulated competition part II: physical performance, time-motion, technical-tactical analyses, and perceptual responses. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(7):2015–25. CrossRefPubMed
Bahr R, Krosshaug T. Understanding injury mechanism: a key component of injury prevention in sport. Brit J Sports Med. 2005;39(6):324–9. CrossRef
Folscher LL, Grant CC, Fletcher L, Rensberg DCJV. Ultra-marathon athletes at risk for the female athlete triad. Sports Med. 2015;1(29):2–8.
Kim KS, Park KJ, Lee J, Kang BY. Injuries in national Olympic level judo athletes: an epidemiological study. Brit J Sports Med. 2015;49(1):1–7. CrossRef
Silveira KP, Assunção VHS, Guimarães NP Jr, Barbosa SRM, Santos MLM, Carregaro RL, Oliveira-Júnior SA. Nosographic profile of soccer injuries according to the age group. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2013;15(4):476–85. CrossRef
Schweich LC, Gimelli AM, Elosta MB, Matos WSW, Martinez PF, Oliveira Júnior SA. Epidemiology of athletic injuries in classic ballet practitioners. Fisioter Pesq. 2014;21(4):353–8.
International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF). General system of graduation. Rio de Janeiro: IBJJF; 2012. p. 18.
Pardini R, Matsudo S, Araujo T, Matsudo V, Andrade E, Braggion G, et al. Validação do questionário internacional de nível de atividade física (IPAQ- versão 6): estudo piloto em adultos jovens brasileiros. Rev Bras Cien e Mov. 2001;9(3):45–51.
Pastre CM, Carvalho Filho G, Monteiro HL, Neto Junior J, Padovani CR. Lesões desportivas no atletismo: comparação entre informações obtidas em prontuários e inquéritos de morbidade referida. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2004;10(1):1–8. CrossRef
Kendall FP, McCreary EK, Provance PG, Rodgers MM, Romani WA. Muscles: testing and function with posture and pain (fifth ed.) Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD (2005).
Neto Junior J, Pastre CM, Monteiro HL. Alterações posturais em atletas brasileiros do sexo masculino que participaram de provas de potência muscular em competições internacionais. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2004;10(3):195–8. CrossRef
Wells KE, Dillon EK. The sit-and-reach test of back and leg flexibility. Res Quart. 1952;23:115–8.
Macedo CSG, Souza PR, Alves PM, Cardoso JR. Estudo da validade e confiabilidade intra e interobservador da versão modificada do teste de Schöber modificado em indivíduos com lombalgia. Fisioter Pesq. 2009;16(3):233–8. CrossRef
Peeler J, Anderson JE. Reliability of the Thomas test for assessing range of motion about the hip. Phys Ther Sport. 2007;8:14–21. CrossRef
Fess EE. Grip strength. In: Casanova JS, editor. Clinical 22. assessment recommendations. 2nd ed. Chicago: American Society of Hand Therapists; 1992. p. 41–5.
Rodrigues MF, Crosato EM, Cardoso JR, Traebert J. Psychometric properties and cross-cultural adaptation of the Brazilian Quebec back pain disability scale questionnaire. Spine. 2009;34(13):459–64. CrossRef
Oliveira KMS, Filho IS, Santos LBF, Brito CJ. Alongamento estático e facilitação neuromuscular proprioceptiva não afetam o desempenho de força máxima em lutadores de Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Arq Cien Esporte. 2014;1(1):28–32.
Souza JMC, Faim FT, Nakashima IY, Altruda CR, Medeiros WM, Silva LR. Lesões no Karate Shotokan e no Jiu-Jitsu: trauma direto versus indireto. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2011;17(2):107–10. CrossRef
- Could current factors be associated with retrospective sports injuries in Brazilian jiu-jitsu? A cross-sectional study
Dayana das Graças
Fernando Sérgio Silva Barbosa
Paula Felippe Martinez
Filipe Abdalla Reis
Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Junior
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
e.Med Kampagnen-Visual, Mail Icon II