Skip to main content
main-content

05.08.2022 | COVID-19 | Original Article

A cross-sectional assessment of food practices, physical activity levels, and stress levels in middle age and older adults’ during the COVID-19 pandemic

verfasst von: Loo Yee Wong, Sarah L. Francis, Ulrike Genschel, Anna Arthur, Furong Xu, Lee Weidauer, Lillie Monroe-Lord, Melissa Ventura-Marra, Nadine R. Sahyoun, Chandler Kendall

Erschienen in: Journal of Public Health

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Aim

This cross-sectional study examined how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the food practices, physical activity (PA) levels, and stress levels of aging adults ages 40 years and older from seven states. It also explored to what extent the COVID-19 outcomes were affected by the social determinants of health (SDH).

Subject and methods

Respondents (n = 1250) completed an online survey. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the sociodemographic attributes and COVID-19 responses while the multiple llinear regression (MLR) test evaluated to what extent the SDH variables measured were associated with the reported COVID-19 impacts food practices, PA levels, and stress levels.

Results

Respondents were mostly White (75.9%), married (58.7%), age 60 years and older (61.8%), with a high school education or higher (97.4%). Most of the respondents (85.8%) live in areas that respondents perceived as supportive of health and well-being opportunities for older adults. Nearly one-half of the respondents reported maintaining their pre-pandemic grocery shopping/food buying frequency (44.7%) and PA levels (48.1%). However, 48.6% reported being “somewhat or very stressed” due to the pandemic. Findings revealed that the COVID-19 impacts on food-buying, PA levels, and stress levels were significantly influenced by age, gender, race, education, location, community, nutritional risk, quality of life, food security, and income (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

These findings provide valuable information as we continue to confront the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on the health and well-being of aging adults. We can use this information to inform future public health programming interventions and opportunities.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat De Backer C, Teunissen L, Cuykx I, Decorte P, Pabian S, Gerritsen S, Matthys C, Al Sabbah H, Van Royen K (2021) An evaluation of the COVID-19 pandemic and perceived social distancing policies in relation to planning, selecting, and preparing healthy meals: an observational study in 38 countries worldwide. Front Nutr 7. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fnut.​2020.​621726 De Backer C, Teunissen L, Cuykx I, Decorte P, Pabian S, Gerritsen S, Matthys C, Al Sabbah H, Van Royen K (2021) An evaluation of the COVID-19 pandemic and perceived social distancing policies in relation to planning, selecting, and preparing healthy meals: an observational study in 38 countries worldwide. Front Nutr 7. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3389/​fnut.​2020.​621726
Zurück zum Zitat Gautam S, Gaire D, Bajgain BB, Acharya D, Gautam K, Bajgain KT, Singh JK (2019) Socio-demographic factors of household heads associated with knowledge of food safety among residents of Butwal sub-metropolitan city of Nepal. Int J Health Sci 9(1):13–20 Gautam S, Gaire D, Bajgain BB, Acharya D, Gautam K, Bajgain KT, Singh JK (2019) Socio-demographic factors of household heads associated with knowledge of food safety among residents of Butwal sub-metropolitan city of Nepal. Int J Health Sci 9(1):13–20
Zurück zum Zitat Hays RD, Bjorner J, Revicki RA, Spritzer KL, Cella D (2009) Development of physical and mental health summary scores from the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) global items. Qual Life Res 18(7):873–880 CrossRef Hays RD, Bjorner J, Revicki RA, Spritzer KL, Cella D (2009) Development of physical and mental health summary scores from the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) global items. Qual Life Res 18(7):873–880 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Polacsek M, Meuser T, Brucker D, Moran A. (2020) Food Security Status and Food Purchasing Behaviors: findings from a sample of Maine residents during the COVID-19 pandemic. University of New England. https://​scholars.​unh.​edu/​cgi/​viewcontent.​cgi?​article=​1180&​context=​iod.​ Accessed 4 May 2022 Polacsek M, Meuser T, Brucker D, Moran A. (2020) Food Security Status and Food Purchasing Behaviors: findings from a sample of Maine residents during the COVID-19 pandemic. University of New England. https://​scholars.​unh.​edu/​cgi/​viewcontent.​cgi?​article=​1180&​context=​iod.​ Accessed 4 May 2022
Zurück zum Zitat Rivan NFM, Yahya HM, Shahar S, Ajit Singh DK, Ibrahim N, Ludin AFM, Sakian NIM, Mahadzir H, Subramaniam P, Kamaruddin MZ (2021) The impact of poor nutrient intakes and food insecurity on the psychological distress among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrients 13(2):353. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​nu13020353 CrossRef Rivan NFM, Yahya HM, Shahar S, Ajit Singh DK, Ibrahim N, Ludin AFM, Sakian NIM, Mahadzir H, Subramaniam P, Kamaruddin MZ (2021) The impact of poor nutrient intakes and food insecurity on the psychological distress among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrients 13(2):353. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3390/​nu13020353 CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
A cross-sectional assessment of food practices, physical activity levels, and stress levels in middle age and older adults’ during the COVID-19 pandemic
verfasst von
Loo Yee Wong
Sarah L. Francis
Ulrike Genschel
Anna Arthur
Furong Xu
Lee Weidauer
Lillie Monroe-Lord
Melissa Ventura-Marra
Nadine R. Sahyoun
Chandler Kendall
Publikationsdatum
05.08.2022
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Schlagwort
COVID-19
Erschienen in
Journal of Public Health
Print ISSN: 2198-1833
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-2238
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-022-01742-y

Corona-Update

Die aktuelle Entwicklung im Überblick: Nachrichten, Webinare, Übersichtsarbeiten.