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28.12.2020 | COVID-19 | Imaging Informatics and Artificial Intelligence Zur Zeit gratis

The usage of deep neural network improves distinguishing COVID-19 from other suspected viral pneumonia by clinicians on chest CT: a real-world study

European Radiology
Qiuchen Xie, Yiping Lu, Xiancheng Xie, Nan Mei, Yun Xiong, Xuanxuan Li, Yangyong Zhu, Anling Xiao, Bo Yin
Wichtige Hinweise

Supplementary Information

The online version contains supplementary material available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-020-07553-7.
Qiuchen Xie and Yiping Lu contributed equally to this work.

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Based on the current clinical routine, we aimed to develop a novel deep learning model to distinguish coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia from other types of pneumonia and validate it with a real-world dataset (RWD).


A total of 563 chest CT scans of 380 patients (227/380 were diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia) from 5 hospitals were collected to train our deep learning (DL) model. Lung regions were extracted by U-net, then transformed and fed to pre-trained ResNet-50-based IDANNet (Identification and Analysis of New covid-19 Net) to produce a diagnostic probability. Fivefold cross-validation was employed to validate the application of our model. Another 318 scans of 316 patients (243/316 were diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia) from 2 other hospitals were enrolled prospectively as the RWDs to testify our DL model’s performance and compared it with that from 3 experienced radiologists.


A three-dimensional DL model was successfully established. The diagnostic threshold to differentiate COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 pneumonia was 0.685 with an AUC of 0.906 (95% CI: 0.886–0.913) in the internal validation group. In the RWD cohort, our model achieved an AUC of 0.868 (95% CI: 0.851–0.876) with the sensitivity of 0.811 and the specificity of 0.822, non-inferior to the performance of 3 experienced radiologists, suggesting promising clinical practical usage.


The established DL model was able to achieve accurate identification of COVID-19 pneumonia from other suspected ones in the real-world situation, which could become a reliable tool in clinical routine.

Key Points

In an internal validation set, our DL model achieved the best performance to differentiate COVID-19 from non-COVID-19 pneumonia with a sensitivity of 0.836, a specificity of 0.800, and an AUC of 0.906 (95% CI: 0.886–0.913) when the threshold was set at 0.685.
In the prospective RWD cohort, our DL diagnostic model achieved a sensitivity of 0.811, a specificity of 0.822, and AUC of 0.868 (95% CI: 0.851–0.876), non-inferior to the performance of 3 experienced radiologists.
The attention heatmaps were fully generated by the model without additional manual annotation and the attention regions were highly aligned with the ROIs acquired by human radiologists for diagnosis.

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