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Erschienen in: Journal of Family Violence 5/2022

14.01.2021 | COVID-19 | Original Article Zur Zeit gratis

Parental Social Isolation and Child Maltreatment Risk during the COVID-19 Pandemic

verfasst von: Shawna J. Lee, Kaitlin P. Ward, Joyce Y. Lee, Christina M. Rodriguez

Erschienen in: Journal of Family Violence | Ausgabe 5/2022

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Abstract

On March 11, 2020, COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The social isolation and economic stress resulting from pandemic have the potential to exacerbate child abuse and neglect. This study examines the association of parents’ perceived social isolation and recent employment loss to risk for child maltreatment (neglect, verbal aggression, and physical punishment) in the early weeks of the pandemic. Participants (N = 283) were adults living in the U.S. who were parents of at least one child 0–12 years of age. Participants completed an online survey approximately 2 weeks after the World Health Organization declared that COVID-19 was a pandemic. The survey asked about recent changes (i.e., in the past 2 weeks) to employment status, parenting behaviors, use of discipline, use of spanking, and depressive symptoms. Nearly 20% of parents had hit or spanked their child in the past two weeks alone. Parents’ perceived social isolation and recent employment loss were associated with self-report of physical and emotional neglect and verbal aggression against the child, even after controlling for parental depressive symptoms, income, and sociodemographic factors. Parents’ perceived social isolation was associated with parental report of changes in discipline, specifically, using discipline and spanking more often in the past 2 weeks. Associations were robust to analyses that included two variables that assessed days spent social distancing and days spent in “lockdown.” Study results point to the need for mental health supports to parents and children to ameliorate the strain created by COVID-19.
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Metadaten
Titel
Parental Social Isolation and Child Maltreatment Risk during the COVID-19 Pandemic
verfasst von
Shawna J. Lee
Kaitlin P. Ward
Joyce Y. Lee
Christina M. Rodriguez
Publikationsdatum
14.01.2021
Verlag
Springer US
Schlagwort
COVID-19
Erschienen in
Journal of Family Violence / Ausgabe 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0885-7482
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-2851
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-020-00244-3

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