01.04.2011 | Review Article | Ausgabe 2/2011
Cryoimmunology for malignant bone and soft-tissue tumors
International Journal of Clinical Oncology
- Hideji Nishida, Norio Yamamoto, Yoshikazu Tanzawa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
Several new methods have recently been developed for the treatment of malignant bone and soft-tissue tumors, and many of these targeted therapies have yielded promising initial results in clinical settings. As more sarcomas become amenable to effective molecular-targeting therapy, the need to evaluate the synergistic effects of combination therapies with anticancer drugs will grow. Other immunologic therapies have also been reported, such as exogenous cytokines, dendritic cell (DC) therapy and peptide vaccines. Cryoimmunology has shown promising results in some malignant tumors after cryosurgery and is expected to influence the next generation of tumor immunotherapy. In this report, we describe the induction of a systemic antitumor immune response following liquid nitrogen cryotreatment of a destructive murine osteosarcoma. Combining tumor cryotreatment with DCs to promote tumor-specific immune responses enhanced systemic immune responses and inhibited metastatic tumor growth. We also describe the induction of a systemic antitumor immune response following reconstruction for malignant bone tumors using frozen autografts treated with liquid nitrogen.