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01.12.2019 | Review article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

The Journal of Headache and Pain 1/2019

Current and emerging evidence-based treatment options in chronic migraine: a narrative review

Zeitschrift:
The Journal of Headache and Pain > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Elio Clemente Agostoni, Piero Barbanti, Paolo Calabresi, Bruno Colombo, Pietro Cortelli, Fabio Frediani, Pietrangelo Geppetti, Licia Grazzi, Massimo Leone, Paolo Martelletti, Luigi Alberto Pini, Maria Pia Prudenzano, Paola Sarchielli, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Antonio Russo, The Italian chronic migraine group
Wichtige Hinweise
Elio Clemente Agostoni, Piero Barbanti, Paolo Calabresi, Bruno Colombo, Pietro Cortelli, Fabio Frediani, Pietrangelo Geppetti, Licia Grazzi, Massimo Leone, Paolo Martelletti, Luigi Alberto Pini, Maria Pia Prudenzano, Paola Sarchielli, Gioacchino Tedeschi and Antonio Russo contributed equally to this work.

Publisher’s Note

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Abstract

Background

Chronic migraine is a disabling condition that is currently underdiagnosed and undertreated. In this narrative review, we discuss the future of chronic migraine management in relation to recent progress in evidence-based pharmacological treatment.

Findings

Patients with chronic migraine require prophylactic therapy to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks, but the only currently available evidence-based prophylactic treatment options for chronic migraine are topiramate and onabotulinumtoxinA. Improved prophylactic therapy is needed to reduce the high burden of chronic migraine in Italy. Monoclonal antibodies that target the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway of migraine pathogenesis have been specifically developed for the prophylactic treatment of chronic migraine. These anti-CGRP/R monoclonal antibodies have demonstrated good efficacy and excellent tolerability in phase II and III clinical trials, and offer new hope to patients who are currently not taking any prophylactic therapy or not benefitting from their current treatment.

Conclusions

Treatment of chronic migraine is a dynamic and rapidly advancing area of research. New developments in this field have the potential to improve the diagnosis and provide more individualised treatments for this condition. Establishing a culture of prevention is essential for reducing the personal, social and economic burden of chronic migraine.
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