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01.09.2004 | Occasional Survey | Ausgabe 9/2004

Pediatric Nephrology 9/2004

Current management of infants with fetal renal pelvis dilation: a survey by French-speaking pediatric nephrologists and urologists

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Nephrology > Ausgabe 9/2004
Autoren:
Khalid Ismaili, Fred E. Avni, Amy Piepsz, Karl M. Wissing, Pierre Cochat, Didier Aubert, Michelle Hall
Wichtige Hinweise
The following workers contributed to this study. For the French-speaking Society of Pediatric Nephrology (SNP): J. Al Hosri (Hôpital Nord, Amiens, France), J.L. André (Hôpital d’Enfants, Nancy, France), A. Bensman (Hôpital Trousseau, Paris, France), E. Berard (L’Archet II, Nice, France), J.P. Bertheleme (Centre Hélio Marin, Roscoff, France), F. Bouissou (Hôpital des Enfants, Toulouse, France), G. Bourdat-Michel (CHU, Grenoble, France), G. Champion (CHU, Angers, France), S. Cloarec (Hôpital Clocheville, Tours, France), L. Collard (Hôpital E. Herriot, Lyon, France), J.C. Davin (Emma Children’s Hospital, Amsterdam, Holland), L. de Parscau (Hôpital Augustin Morvan, Brest, France), S. Decramer (Hôpital des Enfants, Toulouse, France), V. Desvignes (CH, Clermont Ferrand, France), R. Donckerwolcke (AZ, Maastricht, Holland), J. Ehrich (MHH, Hannover, Germany), M. Fischbach (Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France), M. Foulard (Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, Lille, France), M.S. Ghuysen (CHU Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium), J.B. Gouyon (Hôpital d’Enfants, Dijon, France), J.P. Guignard (CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland), C. Guyot (CHU, Nantes, France), P. Hansen (Hôpital Tivoli, La Louvière, Belgium), J.P. Hehunstre (Hôpital Pellegrin, Bordeaux, France), F. Janssen (Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants, Brussels, Belgium), M.J. Krier (Hôpital d’Enfants, Nancy, France), A. Lahoche-Manucci (Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, Lille, France), H. La Selve (Centre Hélio Marin, Roscoff, France), M.P. Lavocat (Hôpital Nord, Saint Etienne, France), C. Loirat (Hôpital Robert Debré, Paris, France), J. Lombet (CHR La Citadelle, Liège, Belgium), A. May (CH Sud Francilien, Evry, France), D. Morin (Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France), J.B. Palcoux (Hôtel Dieu, Clermont Ferrand, France), S. Palomera (CTMR, Bordeaux, France), C. Pietrement (American Memorial Hospital, Reims, France), S. Ploos van Amstel (Emma Children’s Hospital, Amsterdam, Holland), W. Proesmans (UZ Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium), N. Ranguelov (CHU, Charleroi, Belgium), B. Roussel (American Memorial Hospital, Reims, France), M.H. Said (Hôpital E. Herriot, Lyon, France), A. Taque (Hôpital de Pontchaillou, Rennes, France), M. Tsimaratos (Hôpital La Timone, Marseille, France). R. Van Damme-Lombaerts (UZ Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium)
For the French-speaking Pediatric Urology Study Group (GEUP): T. Aivazoglou (Aglaia Kyriakou Hospital, Athens, Greece), J.L. Alain (CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France), P. Alessandrini (Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France), G. Audry (Hôpital Trousseau, Paris, France), M. Avérous (Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France), R. Besson (Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, Lille, France), J. Biserte (Hôpital Huriez, Lille, France), B. Boillot (CHU Albert Michallon, Grenoble, France), J.M. Bondonny (Hôpital des Enfants, Bordeaux, France), J.P. Bonnet (Hôpital Simone Veil, Montmorency, France), P. Bugmann (Hôpital des Enfants, Geneva, Switzerland), F. Collier (Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants, Brussels, Belgium), J.F. Colombani (CHU, Fort-de-France, France), H. Dodat (Hôpital E. Herriot, Lyon, France), B. Dore (CHU, Poitiers, France), A. El Ghoneimi (Hôpital R. Debré, Paris, France), C. Esposito (Universitary Hospital, Naples, Italy), B. Fremond (Clinique Chirurgicale infantile, Rennes, France), P. Frey (CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland), S. Geiss (Centre de la Mère et l’Enfant, Colmar, France), I. Germouty (CHU, Brest, France), Y. Heloury (CHU, Nantes, France), A. Lacombe (Hôpital Clocheville, Tours, France), S. Lortat-Jacob (Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France), T. Merrot (Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France), R. Moog (Hôpital de Hautepierre, Strasbourg, France), G. Morisson-Lacombe (Hôpital Saint Joseph, Marseille, France), J. Moscovici (Hôpital des Enfants, Toulouse, France), P. Mouriquand (Hôpital Debrousse, Lyon, France), E. Sapin (CHU, Dijon, France), A. Savanelli (Universitary Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy), M. Schmitt (Hôpital d’Enfants, Nancy, France), H. Steyaert (Fondation Lenval, Nice, France), C. Tölg (CHU, Fort-de-France, France), J.S. Valla (Fondation Lenval, Nice, France), F. Varlet (Hôpital Nord, Saint Etienne, France), P. Wallon (Centre de Chirurgie de l’Enfant, Bordeaux, France), D. Weil (Centre Hospitalier, Le Mans, France)

Abstract

To analyze the current management recommendations among French-speaking physicians treating infants with antenatal renal pelvis dilatation, we surveyed 83 pediatric nephrologists and 68 pediatric urologists by questionnaire. A total of 45 (54%) pediatric nephrologists and 38 (56%) pediatric urologists responded. The threshold for the diagnosis of abnormal fetal renal pelvis dilatation was significantly higher among pediatric urologists than nephrologists. All responders perform renal ultrasound examinations after birth. Postnatal renal pelvis dilatation was considered abnormal if the anteroposterior diameter was ≥11±1.9 mm by the pediatric urologists and ≥9±2.9 mm by the pediatric nephrologists (P=0.003). Pediatric urologists were more likely than nephrologists to recommend routine voiding cystourethrography [41% versus 20% (P=0.04)]. Mercaptoacetyl-triglycine renography was the most routinely used tool to achieve functional evaluation during follow-up among the responders. Pediatric urologists were more likely to recommend surgical treatment in dilated kidneys with initial function <40%. In conclusion, pediatric urologists had significantly higher thresholds for the detection of prenatal and neonatal renal pelvis dilatation. They also more frequently recommended routine voiding cystourethrography and surgical therapy of dilated kidneys with low function than pediatric nephrologists. The variability in attitudes is most probably due to the absence of clear guidelines based on prospective and controlled trials.

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