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07.01.2019 | Review | Ausgabe 2/2019

Hernia 2/2019

Current status of single-port versus multi-port approach in laparoscopic inguinal hernia mesh repair: an up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis

Hernia > Ausgabe 2/2019
K. Perivoliotis, G. Tzovaras, C. Sarakatsianou, I. Baloyiannis
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A meta-analysis was conducted to provide an up-to-date comparison of single-port and multi-port approach, in laparoscopic inguinal hernia mesh repair. This meta-analysis was performed on the basis of the PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The electronic databases (MEDLINE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials) were systematically screened. Fixed Effects or Random Effects model was used, according to the Cochran Q test. In total 16 eligible studies were found. There was no statistically significant difference, regarding unilateral operation duration, between the two approaches, in TEP (OR − 4.61; 95% CI − 9.70, 0.47, p = 0.08) or TAPP (OR − 1.96; 95% CI − 4.89, 0.97, p = 0.19) procedures. Similarly, in both operative modalities, no superiority of either approach was proven, in terms of conversion rate (TEP OR 0.69, p = 0.48; TAPP OR 5.46, p = 0.31), length of hospital stay (TEP WMD 0.00, p = 0.76; TAPP WMD − 0.11, p = 0.42) and overall complication rate (TEP OR 1.10, p = 0.51; TAPP OR 0.74, p = 0.43). Overall, single-port and the established multi-port approach in inguinal hernia mesh repair, are equivalent, regarding the postoperative outcomes. Given several limitations, further RCTs, of higher methodological and quality level are required.

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