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14.12.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 2/2018

CYP1A1 genetic polymorphism is a promising predictor to improve chemotherapy effects in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with docetaxel plus thiotepa vs. docetaxel plus capecitabine

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Xinna Zhou, Guoliang Qiao, Xiaoli Wang, Qingkun Song, Michael A. Morse, Amy Hobeika, William R. Gwin, Jun Ren, H. Kim Lyerly
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00280-017-3500-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

A prospective study was performed to compare the outcome for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients treated with docetaxel plus thiotepa (DT) or docetaxel plus capecitabine (DC), and to explore the value of CYP1A1*2C polymorphisms in predicting clinical efficacy of these chemotherapies.

Methods

MBC patients (n = 130) were randomized to treatment with DT (n = 65) or DC (n = 65). Response rate, disease control rate, progression-free and overall survival were monitored. Genotyping of CYP1A1*2C was performed in all patients.

Results

DT and DC produced similar overall disease control rates (76.9 vs 69.2%), median PFS (6.7 vs. 7.5 months) and OS (20.1 vs. 21.0 months) (P > 0.05 for all comparisons); however, DT exhibited a higher rate of control of localized liver metastases (78.6 vs 41.2%, P = 0.023). Among patients homozygous for wild-type CYP1A1*1 genotype (AA), DT treatment was associated with a significantly longer PFS (8.4 vs. 6.4 months, P = 0.019) and OS (33.4 vs. 15.8 months, P = 0.018). Conversely, among patients carrying the variant CYP1A1*2C genotype (AG/GG), DC treatment was associated with a significantly longer PFS (8.4 vs. 5.5 month, P = 0.005), and OS (28.5 vs. 19.6 months, P = 0.010). After adjusting for competing risk factors, CYP1A1*2C genotype was confirmed to be an independent predictor of PFS and OS for each chemotherapy combination.

Conclusions

Overall, DT and DC result in similar clinical efficacy for MBC patients; however, efficacy for each therapy differs depending on CYP1A1*2C genotype.

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