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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 1/2019

DAIR (Debridement, Antibiotics and Implant Retention) less effective in hematogenous total knee arthroplasty infections

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Kattalin Iza, Xabier Foruria, Jesús Moreta, Iker Uriarte, Ane Loroño, Urko Aguirre, José Luis Martínez de los Mozos
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Abstract

Background

Debridement and irrigation with prosthetic retention followed by antibiotic therapy (DAIR) is one of the treatments of choice in acute infections after a total knee arthroplasty. However, the success rate varies widely in the literature, depending on several factors such as comorbidities of the patient, duration of infection, and microorganisms involved. The goal of this study was to assess the outcomes of this therapeutic option and to identify possible predictors of the result.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed cases of acute postoperative (≤ 3 months from index procedure) and acute hematogenous periprosthetic knee infections treated with DAIR at our hospital between 2004 and 2016. Overall, 26 knees were included, with a mean age of 73.4 years. Several variables related to patient characteristics, infection type, and surgery were examined to evaluate their influence on outcome, and functional and radiographic outcome were assessed. The mean follow-up was 41 months. A descriptive analysis was carried out on the collected data, and a univariate analysis was performed with the objective of searching for influential factors in the resolution of the infection using the chi-square nonparametric test in the case of the categorical variables and the Wilcoxon test for the continuous ones. Moreover, univariate cox regression analysis was performed.

Results

The overall success rate was 77% at the last follow-up, recording a significantly greater cure in acute infections (93% acute vs 58% acute hematogenous, p = 0.03). The infections in which the Staphylococcus aureus was isolated had a significantly lower cure rate, with only 33% of success, compared to 82% of the non-aureus microorganisms (p <  0.05).

Conclusions

The present study shows a considerable cure rate in the treatment of acute knee infections through DAIR, although patient comorbidities, type of infection, and causative microorganism should be considered for decision-making.
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