Skip to main content
main-content

18.02.2021 | Short Communication

De-escalation in HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer: lessons learned from the past? A critical viewpoint and proposal for future research

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Autoren:
Suton Petar, Skelin Marko, Luksic Ivica
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Among head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) was historically thought to be a homogenous entity, mainly caused by excessive alcohol and tobacco consumption. However, the discovery of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as an independent risk factor for the development of OPC has led to changes in diagnostics and treatment of this cancer. HPV-positive OPC is associated with improved survival and reduced recurrence rates compared to similar stage HPV-negative OPC and HNSCC in general. These favorable outcomes have led the medical and scientific communities to consider de-escalation treatment options in this specific population to spare patients from unnecessary toxicity, without compromising survival. This comment aimed to critically evaluate de-intensification treatment strategies in HPV-related OPC and to propose future treatment approaches as well as trial design.

Methods

A review of the literature was performed.

Results

Among nine published non-surgical de-intensification trials, only three studies had a comparison head-to-head with the standard of care, with two trials demonstrating clear inferiority of de-escalating treatment option (cetuximab-based radiotherapy). Additionally, there has been significant heterogeneity among induction chemotherapy (IC) protocols in de-escalating studies. Also, the toxicity among these studies varies in terms of the manner of reporting (physician vs patient-reported adverse events).

Conclusions

Data obtained with de-intensified strategies should only serve to help select an appropriate experimental arm for a randomized controlled trial phase III comparison against cisplatin and 70 Gy of radiotherapy. Without a proper randomized trial, there remains the possibility of compromising survival, which raises ethical questions about conducting any de-escalation trial.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med HNO 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet HNO

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update HNO und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise