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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2018

De novo subgaleal abscess – a rare presentation of melioidosis: a case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Chamara Dalugama, Asanka Tennegedara, Indika Bandara Gawarammana

Abstract

Background

Melioidosis is an emerging infection in the tropics caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Poorly controlled diabetes is a known risk factor. Melioidosis has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from a localized abscess to pneumonia to disseminated sepsis with multiorgan failure. Pyrexia of unknown origin is a common presentation. Abscesses in unusual anatomical locations are well known to be associated with melioidosis.

Case presentation

We report a case of a 64-year-old Sri Lankan Sinhalese man with prolonged fever and constitutional symptoms with a neglected swelling over the back of the scalp who was found to have an abscess in the subgaleal space of the scalp during surgical drainage. Burkholderia pseudomallei was isolated in pus culture, and melioidosis serology was highly positive. The patient was treated with ceftazidime for 2 weeks, followed by co-trimoxazole for another 3 months. He made a complete clinical recovery with normalization of inflammatory markers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of subgaleal abscess following melioidosis infection reported in the literature.

Conclusions

Abscesses in anatomically unusual locations should raise suspicion for melioidosis infection, particularly among patients with risk factors such as diabetes mellitus.

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