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Erschienen in: Lasers in Medical Science 8/2021

27.07.2021 | Original Article

Bacterial reduction effect of four different dental lasers on titanium surfaces in vitro

verfasst von: W. Patrick Misischia, Pinelopi Xenoudi, Raymond A. Yukna, Michael J. Schurr

Erschienen in: Lasers in Medical Science | Ausgabe 8/2021

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Abstract

Compare the effectiveness of selected dental lasers for decontamination of machined titanium surfaces in vitro. Seventy-two sterile machined surface titanium discs were individually inoculated with strains of Streptococcus mutans (Sm), Streptococcus oralis (So), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), or all three bacteria together (MIX) at 34.0° C, 20.8% O2 and 5% CO2 for 12 h. After incubation, the discs were divided into six groups: 1) no treatment, 2) 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), and 3) 10,600 CO2, 4) 810 nm diode, 5) 2780 nm Er,Cr:YSGG, 6) 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser groups. After treatment, any remaining viable bacteria were liberated from the discs via sonication, transferred onto brain heart infusion (BHI) agar plates for culturing, and colony-forming units (CFUs) were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed. There were statistically significantly differences (SSD) (p < 0.01) in bacterial reduction of discs individually inoculated with Aa between the Er,Cr:YSGG and Nd:YAG lasers. There was also a SSD (p < 0.01) lower effect with the MIX with the Er,Cr:YSGG compared with all other modalities. Bacterial reduction with the CO2 was better (p < 0.001) than treatment with CHX or the Er,Cr:YSGG laser on killing of So. Although all modalities of treatment showed a mean of 98% or greater viable bacterial reduction, the most consistent bacterial reduction of all titanium discs was with the Nd:YAG laser (100%).
Fußnoten
1
All Metal Sales, Inc., 29,260 Clemens Road, Westlake, Ohio 44,145
 
2
10,600 nm CO2 laser, Lutronic Denta 2®, Great Plains Technology, Inc, Fairfield, NE
 
3
810 diode, Picasso®, AMD Lasers, West Jordan, UT
 
4
Er,Cr:YSGG, WaterLase MD®, Biolase, Inc., Irvine, CA
 
5
Nd:YAG, PerioLase MVP-7®, Millennium Dental Technologies, Inc., Cerritos, CA
 
6
PowerMax 600, Coherent, Santa Clara, CA
 
7
Prism 7® version 5.0d, GraphPad Software, Inc., La Jolla, CA
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Bacterial reduction effect of four different dental lasers on titanium surfaces in vitro
verfasst von
W. Patrick Misischia
Pinelopi Xenoudi
Raymond A. Yukna
Michael J. Schurr
Publikationsdatum
27.07.2021
Verlag
Springer London
Erschienen in
Lasers in Medical Science / Ausgabe 8/2021
Print ISSN: 0268-8921
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-604X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-021-03349-3