01.12.2023 | Original Article
Cumulated ambulation score in hospitalized patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures is an important predictor of returning home: a retrospective cohort study
Archives of Osteoporosis
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Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are recognized as a serious problem in the aging society. In this study, we found that the cumulated ambulation score predicts returning home in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures. The cumulated ambulation score is an important piece of information in determining the destination of patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures.
Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are a serious problem affecting the health status of the elderly, and if they require inpatient treatment, they may have difficulty deciding where to discharge. The study’s purpose is to investigate whether the cumulated ambulation scores predict returning home for hospitalized osteoporotic vertebral fractures patients.
The subjects were 120 osteoporotic vertebral fractures patients aged 65 years or older who were admitted to our hospital between April 2015 and March 2022. The cumulated ambulation scores for all subjects were measured in the 3-days right after admission. A multivariable analysis was performed with the dependent variable as whether the patient returned home and the independent variable as the cumulated ambulation score. Three models were created from the measured cumulated ambulation score, and each model was analyzed as an independent variable (model 1; score on the 1st day, model 2; total score on the 2-days, model 3; total score on the 3-days).
The length of hospitalization for the osteoporotic vertebral fracture’s patients were 11.8 ± 5.3 days, and 80 (66.7%) returned home. Multivariable analysis showed that cumulated ambulation score was a predictor of returning home (model 1, odds ratio: 3.151, 95% confidence interval: 2.074–5.203; model 2, odds ratio: 2.234, 95% confidence interval: 1.685–3.187; model 3, odds ratio: 1.929, 95% confidence interval: 1.535–2.599).
The cumulated ambulation score of patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures right after admission is a factor that affected returning home and is useful in determining where patients are discharged.