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Erschienen in: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 5/2022

25.06.2021 | Original Article

Efficacy and Safety of Low-Dose Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

verfasst von: Yuttana Wongsalap, Supakorn Ungsriwong, Wanalee Kumtep, Surasak Saokaew, Vichai Senthong, Kirati Kengkla

Erschienen in: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy | Ausgabe 5/2022

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Abstract

Purpose

To assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose prasugrel compared to clopidogrel based on the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and major bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods

The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were systematically searched up to May 2020 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. A meta-analysis was conducted using a random effects model to estimate relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The primary efficacy and safety endpoints were MACE and major bleeding, respectively.

Results

Three RCTs (n = 2884) and five observational studies (n = 30,117) were included. A meta-analysis of RCTs revealed no significant differences in terms of MACE (RR 0.92, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.16) or major bleeding (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.65) between low-dose prasugrel and clopidogrel. A meta-analysis of observational studies revealed no significant difference in terms of MACE (RR 1.13, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.55) between the two groups, but low-dose prasugrel was associated with a significantly increased risk of major bleeding (RR 1.33, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.72).

Conclusions

We found that low-dose prasugrel was not associated with changes in MACE or major bleeding compared with clopidogrel in RCTs. However, analysis of data from observational studies revealed that low-dose prasugrel was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding compared with clopidogrel.
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Metadaten
Titel
Efficacy and Safety of Low-Dose Prasugrel Versus Clopidogrel in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
verfasst von
Yuttana Wongsalap
Supakorn Ungsriwong
Wanalee Kumtep
Surasak Saokaew
Vichai Senthong
Kirati Kengkla
Publikationsdatum
25.06.2021
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy / Ausgabe 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0920-3206
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-7241
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10557-021-07202-1

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