03.06.2022 | Computed Tomography
Incidence of malignancy in adrenal nodules detected on staging CTs of patients with potentially resectable colorectal cancer
Hae Young Kim, Yoon Jin Lee, Won Chang, Ji Hoon Park, Jungheum Cho, Hyeon Jeong Oh, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Ho Lee
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To measure the prevalence of adrenal nodules detected on staging CT in patients with resectable colorectal cancer, and the proportion of patients with malignant nodules among them.
This retrospective study included 6474 patients (median age, 65; interquartile range, 56–73; 3902 men) who underwent staging CT for colorectal cancer between May 2003 and December 2018. The patients had potentially resectable colorectal cancer, including resectable hepatic or pulmonary metastases. Through retrospective CT image review, patients with adrenal nodules were identified for the prevalence of adrenal nodule. Among patients with adrenal nodules, per-patient proportions of malignant nodules, adrenal metastasis from colorectal cancer, and additional adrenal examinations (biopsy or imaging tests) were measured. A secondary analysis was performed using data from the official CT reports.
The prevalence of adrenal nodules was 5.6% (363 of 6474; 95% CI: 5.1, 6.2). The proportions of malignant nodules and adrenal metastasis from colorectal cancer were 0.8% (3 of 363; 0.2, 2.4) and 0.3% (1 of 363; 0.0, 1.5), respectively. 6.1% (22 of 363; 3.8, 9.0) of the patients underwent additional adrenal examination. According to official CT reports, the prevalence of adrenal nodules and proportions of malignant nodules, adrenal metastasis from colorectal cancer, and additional adrenal examination were 1.9% (125 of 6474; 1.6, 2.3), 1.6% (2 of 125; 0.2, 5.7), 0% (0 of 125; 0.0, 2.9), and 10.4% (1 of 125; 5.7, 17.1), respectively.
Adrenal nodules detected in staging CTs in patients with otherwise resectable colorectal cancers are rarely malignant.
• Among 6474 patients who underwent staging CT and had potentially resectable colorectal cancer, 363 had adrenal nodules (≥ 10 mm) detected in retrospective CT image review.
• Three out of the 363 patients with adrenal nodules detected on staging CT had malignant adrenal nodules, one of whom had metastasis from colorectal cancer.