02.02.2023 | Original Article
Invasive Micropapillary Urothelial Carcinoma: an Uncommon and Underreported Variant in Cystectomy Specimens
Pallavi Prasad, Harshita Baranwal, Vinita Agrawal
Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
Conventional urothelial carcinoma is the most common histological type of urinary bladder carcinoma. The latest edition of the WHO classification of tumours of the urothelial tract lays special emphasis on the ability of urothelial tumours to exhibit divergent differentiation with multiple histologic variants and a diverse genomic landscape. The presence of a micropapillary component (MPC) in urothelial carcinoma is associated with high-grade disease and poor response to intravesical chemotherapy. The present study aims to enumerate the clinicohistological features of urothelial carcinomas with micropapillary differentiation. Slides from 144 radical cystectomy specimens received over 6 years were reviewed independently by two pathologists. A predominant histological pattern along with co-existing pathology was noted. Of these, five cases were pure micropapillary carcinomas, four had conventional urothelial carcinoma with a MPC, one had a microscopic tumour at the mucosal surface, and two cases showed micropapillary histology in the lymph node metastasis, following transurethral resection of bladder tumour and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy. The tumours with pure micropapillary carcinoma presented with a higher pathological stage and poor overall survival. Organ and lymph node metastasis was noted in five and eight cases, respectively, of which six showed a micropapillary pattern in the lymph nodes. Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma is a rare and aggressive variant of urothelial carcinoma with unique histologic features. This variant is often missed and underreported in biopsy and surgical resection specimens. Since the presence of MPC confers a poorer prognosis, the identification and reporting of this entity are important.