Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), has been confirmed to recruit enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit (EZH2) to regulate cardiomyocyte apoptosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy. However, whether the similar regulatory axis exists in sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) has not been clearly established. The current study sought to define the mechanism governing MALAT1-mediated EZH2 in SIMD. MALAT1 was significantly upregulated in lipopolysaccharide-induced cardiomyocytes. Depletion of MALAT1 by caudal vein injection of small interfering RNA targeting MALAT1 alleviated myocardial injury in SIMD rats, restored cardiac function, reduced oxidative stress production and fibrosis, and inhibited inflammatory factors and apoptosis in myocardial tissues. Moreover, MALAT1 bound to EZH2 and promoted EZH2 activity in the nucleus of cardiomyocytes. EZH2 repressed ubiquitin-specific peptidase 22 (USP22) expression through H3K27me3 modification. EZH2 elevation aggravated the cardiac injury in SIMD rats, while USP22 upregulation inhibited the effect of EZH2, which reduced the cardiac injury in SIMD rats. Taken together, MALAT1 decreased USP22 expression by interacting with EZH2, thereby worsening SIMD, highlighting an attractive therapeutic strategy for SIMD.