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Erschienen in: Clinical Autonomic Research 4/2023

12.05.2023 | Research Article

Low- and high-frequency spinal cord stimulation and arterial blood pressure in patients with chronic pain and hypertension: a retrospective study

verfasst von: Kimia Memar, Sunita N. Varghese, Austin G. Morrison, Davina A. Clonch, Christopher M. Lam, Seth W. Holwerda

Erschienen in: Clinical Autonomic Research | Ausgabe 4/2023

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Abstract

Purpose

Evidence suggests that traditional low-frequency spinal cord stimulation (LF-SCS) reduces arterial blood pressure (BP) in patients with chronic pain and hypertension independent of improved pain symptoms. However, it remains unclear whether high-frequency spinal cord stimulation (HF-SCS) also lowers BP in chronic pain patients with hypertension. Therefore, in a retrospective study design, we tested the hypothesis that clinic BP would be significantly reduced following implantation of HF-SCS in patients with chronic pain and hypertension.

Methods

Clinic BP within 3 months before and after surgical implantation of either a LF-SCS or HF-SCS device between 2010 and 2020 were collected from electronic medical records at The University of Kansas Health System (TUKHS).

Results

A total of 132 patients had available records of clinic BP (64 ± 13 years of age). Patients with hypertension (n = 32) demonstrated a significantly greater reduction in systolic BP (−8 ± 12 versus 2 ± 9 mmHg, P < 0.001) following implantation compared with normotensive patients (n = 100). Importantly, the change in BP was inversely related to baseline BP independent of age and sex following implantation of HF-SCS (n = 70, R =  −0.50, P < 0.001) or LF-SCS (n = 62, R =  −0.42, P = 0.001). Higher pain scores before implantation were not associated with reduction in systolic BP (R = 0.10, P = 0.43) or diastolic BP (R =  −0.08, P = 0.53) (n = 69) after implantation.

Conclusion

These findings confirm previous studies showing reduced BP following implantation of LF-SCS in patients with chronic pain and hypertension and provide novel data regarding reduced BP following implantation of newer generation HF-SCS devices.
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Metadaten
Titel
Low- and high-frequency spinal cord stimulation and arterial blood pressure in patients with chronic pain and hypertension: a retrospective study
verfasst von
Kimia Memar
Sunita N. Varghese
Austin G. Morrison
Davina A. Clonch
Christopher M. Lam
Seth W. Holwerda
Publikationsdatum
12.05.2023
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Clinical Autonomic Research / Ausgabe 4/2023
Print ISSN: 0959-9851
Elektronische ISSN: 1619-1560
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-023-00947-9

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