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Erschienen in: Lasers in Dental Science 2/2021

01.04.2021 | Review Article

Photodynamic therapy in peri-implantitis treatment: an integrative literature review

verfasst von: Eduardo Henrique de Souza Oliveira, Marcelo Yudi Sakamoto, Fernanda Pasquinelli, Caio Vinícius Gonçalves Roman-Torres, Humberto Osvaldo Schwartz-Filho

Erschienen in: Lasers in Dental Science | Ausgabe 2/2021

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Abstract

Background

Owing to the microbiological factor in the etiopathogenesis of peri-implantitis and the decontamination difficulty of the peri-implant environment for a definitive treatment, the possibility of using laser therapies and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy arises. This study aimed to review the literature on the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in peri-implantitis treatment in clinical studies.

Methods

We searched the PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, and Web of Science databases for articles published between January 2000 and December 2020. In compliance with the recommendations of the PRISMA statement, 24 articles were included.

Results

The observed studies showed a lack of standard procedures related to the types of photosensitizers and its doses, energy configurations, laser use, previous treatments for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy application, randomization of groups, and presence of control groups, not allowing a satisfactory comparison of the success rates. However, it was possible to conclude that antimicrobial photodynamic therapy, as an adjuvant, can provide similar clinical improvements in bleeding on probing and probing pocket depth as the conventional peri-implant therapy. In addition, we provided evidence that antimicrobial photodynamic therapy improves the outcomes of implant surface debridement.

Conclusion

It is still necessary to design new studies with standardized protocols to guarantee results with greater levels of evidence and for future recommendations.
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Metadaten
Titel
Photodynamic therapy in peri-implantitis treatment: an integrative literature review
verfasst von
Eduardo Henrique de Souza Oliveira
Marcelo Yudi Sakamoto
Fernanda Pasquinelli
Caio Vinícius Gonçalves Roman-Torres
Humberto Osvaldo Schwartz-Filho
Publikationsdatum
01.04.2021
Verlag
Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in
Lasers in Dental Science / Ausgabe 2/2021
Elektronische ISSN: 2367-2587
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s41547-021-00124-z

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