27.01.2023 | Original Article
Prognostic factors for pulmonary carcinoid with positive lymph node after surgical resection: a SEER database study
Xiaoling Wang, Tingting Liu, Jun Chen, Jun Dang
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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Prognostic factors and role with chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT) remain unclear for patients of pulmonary carcinoid (PC) with positive lymph node after surgery.
PC patients who underwent surgery and with positive lymph node between 2000 and 2016 were identified from the SEER database. Univariate and multivariate cox regression analysis were used to identify independent risk factors for overall survival (OS).
A total of 552 patients were identified. Multivariate analysis indicated that age (≤ 70/ > 70) (HR = 0.32, 95% CI 0.21–0.50; P < 0.001), histologic type (typical carcinoid [TC]/atypical carcinoid [AC]) (HR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.36–0.78, P = 0.001), number of positive lymph nodes (n ≥ 3/n = 1–2) (HR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.26–2.90; P = 0.002), and treatment mode (surgery + RT/surgery alone) (HR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.09–2.81; P 0.02) were independent prognostic factors for OS. In subgroup analysis according to histological type, prognostic factors were similar between AC and TC, except surgery + RT being negative prognostic factor for TC but AC. No significant difference in OS was observed between the surgery alone and surgery + CT in any subgroup of patients.
Age > 70, histological type of AC, positive lymph nodes ≥ 3, and surgery + RT were likely to be negative prognostic factors for OS. Addition CT to surgery did not appear to provide additional OS benefit.