12.05.2021 | Review Articles
Role of iron homeostasis in the heart
Heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and ischemia–reperfusion injury
Hangying Ying, Zhida Shen, Jiacheng Wang, Binquan Zhou
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As an essential trace mineral in mammals and the second most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust, iron acts as a double-edged sword in humans. Iron plays important beneficial roles in numerous biological processes ranging from deoxyribonucleic acid biosynthesis and protein function to cell cycle progression. However, iron metabolism disruption leads to widespread tissue degeneration and organ dysfunction. An increasing number of studies have focused on iron regulation pathways and have explored the relationship between iron and cardiovascular diseases. Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of programmed cell death, was first described in cancer cells and has recently been linked to heart diseases, including cardiac ischemia–reperfusion injury and doxorubicin-induced myocardiopathy. Here, we summarize recent advances in our understanding of iron homeostasis and heart diseases and discuss potential relationships between ferroptosis and cardiac ischemia–reperfusion injury and cardiomyopathy.