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30.07.2018 | Sarkome | CME

Update zu uterinen Sarkomen

verfasst von: Dr. med. Helmut Plett, Mareike Bommert, Beyhan Ataseven, Florian Heitz, Philipp Harter

Erschienen in: Die Onkologie | Ausgabe 9/2018

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Zusammenfassung

Uterine Sarkome bilden eine inhomogene Gruppe seltener Tumoren der Uterusmuskulatur. Es sind meist aggressive Neoplasien, die vom uterinen Bindegewebe oder vom endometrialen Stroma ausgehen. Histologisch werden folgende Subtypen unterschieden: das Leiomyosarkom (LMS), das low-grade endometriale Stromasarkom (LG-ESS) und das high-grade endometriale Stromasarkom (HG-ESS) sowie das undifferenzierte Stromasarkom (UES). Die Inzidenz liegt bei 0,5–3,3 pro 100.000 Frauen pro Jahr; insgesamt bilden sie mit 1–2 % nur einen kleinen Anteil der uterinen Malignome. Eine andere Kategorie bilden uterine Sarkome gemischten Ursprungs, wie Adenosarkome, Karzinosarkome (maligne Müller-Mischtumoren) und andere heterologe Sarkome (z. B. Chondrosarkome, Liposarkome, Fibrosarkome etc.). Im Beitrag wird auf das spezifische Management der häufigen Entitäten (LMS, LG-ESS, HG-ESS und UES) Bezug genommen. Im August 2015 wurde die erste Version einer S2k-Leitlinie zu uterinen Sarkomen herausgegeben.
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Metadaten
Titel
Update zu uterinen Sarkomen
verfasst von
Dr. med. Helmut Plett
Mareike Bommert
Beyhan Ataseven
Florian Heitz
Philipp Harter
Publikationsdatum
30.07.2018
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Die Onkologie / Ausgabe 9/2018
Print ISSN: 2731-7226
Elektronische ISSN: 2731-7234
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00761-018-0444-6

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Chemotherapien können die Nerven schädigen und damit die Lebensqualität von Betroffenen zusätzlich einschränken. Wer aber auf die richtige Art trainiert, kann das absolute Risiko für Neuropathien um bis zu 40% senken.

Die beste Jahreszeit für eine Krebsimmuntherapie

16.07.2024 Onkologische Immuntherapie Nachrichten

Die Wirksamkeit von Checkpointhemmern scheint klinisch relevanten saisonalen Schwankungen zu unterliegen. Patienten mit fortgeschrittenem nichtkleinzelligem Lungenkarzinom etwa hatten das beste Outcome, wenn die PD-1-Inhibitor-Infusionen in den Wintermonaten starteten.

Partielle Nephrektomie: Videoanalysen zur Verbesserung der chirurgischen Qualität

16.07.2024 Nephrektomie Nachrichten

Je versierter Operateurinnen und Operateure sind, desto geringer ist das Risiko für Komplikationen. Eine kleine US-Studie spricht dafür, dass das auch bei Roboter-assistierten Nephrektomien gilt – und dass sich Op.-Videos für die Beurteilung eignen.        

S3-Leitlinie Endometriumkarzinom aktualisiert

15.07.2024 Endometriumkarzinom Nachrichten

Die angepasste Version der S3-Leitlinie Endometriumkarzinom enthält unter anderem Empfehlungen zu Risikofaktoren, wie der Hormonersatztherapie, sowie darüber, wann eine vaginale Brachytherapie und wann eine Perkutanbestrahlung angebracht ist.

Update Onkologie

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