Skip to main content
Erschienen in: Clinical Autonomic Research 6/2022

23.08.2022 | Research Article

Self-recorded heart rate variability profiles are associated with health and lifestyle markers in young adults

verfasst von: Gregory J. Grosicki, Meral N. Culver, Nathan K. McMillan, Brett L. Cross, Alexander H. K. Montoye, Bryan L. Riemann, Andrew A. Flatt

Erschienen in: Clinical Autonomic Research | Ausgabe 6/2022

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Purpose

To quantify associations between self-recorded heart rate variability (HRV) profiles and various health and lifestyle markers in young adults.

Methods

Otherwise healthy volunteers (n = 40, 50% male) recorded 60-s, post-waking HRV with a cost-free mobile application in supine and standing positions for 7 days. The 7-day average and coefficient of variation (CV, reflects daily fluctuation) for the mean RR interval and root mean square of successive differences (LnRMSSD) were assessed. 7-day sleep duration and physical activity profiles were characterized via wrist-worn accelerometer. Subsequent laboratory assessments included aerobic fitness (\({\mathrm{\dot{V}}}\)O2peak) and markers of cardiovascular, metabolic, and psychoemotional health. Associations were evaluated before and after \({\mathrm{\dot{V}}}\)O2peak adjustment.

Results

Bivariate correlations (P < 0.05) demonstrated that higher 7-day averages and/or lower CV values were associated with higher activity levels and superior cardiovascular (lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure [BP] and aortic stiffness [cf-PWV]), metabolic (lower body fat percentage, fasting glucose, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C]), and psychoemotional health (lower perceived stress) markers, with some variation between sexes and recording position. In males, associations between HRV parameters and cf-PWV remained significant following \({\mathrm{\dot{V}}}\)O2peak adjustment (P < 0.05). In females, HRV parameters were associated (P < 0.05) with numerous cardiovascular (systolic and diastolic BP, cf-PWV) and metabolic (fasting glucose and LDL-C) parameters following \({\mathrm{\dot{V}}}\)O2peak adjustment.

Conclusions

Higher or more stable supine and standing HRV were generally associated with superior health and lifestyle markers in males and females. These findings lay groundwork for future investigation into the usefulness of self-recorded ultra-short HRV as a health-promoting behavior-modification tool in young adults.
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Boullosa DA, Abreu L, Nakamura FY, Muñoz VE, Domínguez E, Leicht AS (2013) Cardiac autonomic adaptations in elite Spanish soccer players during preseason. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:400–409PubMedCrossRef Boullosa DA, Abreu L, Nakamura FY, Muñoz VE, Domínguez E, Leicht AS (2013) Cardiac autonomic adaptations in elite Spanish soccer players during preseason. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:400–409PubMedCrossRef
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Brook RD, Julius S (2000) Autonomic imbalance, hypertension, and cardiovascular risk. Am J Hypertens 13:112S-122SPubMedCrossRef Brook RD, Julius S (2000) Autonomic imbalance, hypertension, and cardiovascular risk. Am J Hypertens 13:112S-122SPubMedCrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Butlin M, Qasem A, Avolio AP (2012) Estimation of central aortic pressure waveform features derived from the brachial cuff volume displacement waveform. In: Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2591–2594 Butlin M, Qasem A, Avolio AP (2012) Estimation of central aortic pressure waveform features derived from the brachial cuff volume displacement waveform. In: Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2591–2594
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Carey M, Markham C, Gaffney P, Boran C, Maher V (2006) Validation of a point of care lipid analyser using a hospital based reference laboratory. Ir J Med Sci 175:30–35PubMedCrossRef Carey M, Markham C, Gaffney P, Boran C, Maher V (2006) Validation of a point of care lipid analyser using a hospital based reference laboratory. Ir J Med Sci 175:30–35PubMedCrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Carnethon MR, Liao D, Evans GW, Cascio WE, Chambless LE, Rosamond WD, Heiss G (2002) Does the cardiac autonomic response to postural change predict incident coronary heart disease and mortality? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am J Epidemiol 155:48–56PubMedCrossRef Carnethon MR, Liao D, Evans GW, Cascio WE, Chambless LE, Rosamond WD, Heiss G (2002) Does the cardiac autonomic response to postural change predict incident coronary heart disease and mortality? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am J Epidemiol 155:48–56PubMedCrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R (1983) A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Social Behav 24(4):385–396CrossRef Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R (1983) A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Social Behav 24(4):385–396CrossRef
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Collaboration RVfAS, (2010) Determinants of pulse wave velocity in healthy people and in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors: ‘establishing normal and reference values.’ Eur Heart J 31:2338–2350CrossRef Collaboration RVfAS, (2010) Determinants of pulse wave velocity in healthy people and in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors: ‘establishing normal and reference values.’ Eur Heart J 31:2338–2350CrossRef
8.
Zurück zum Zitat de Sousa TLW, di Paschoale Ostoli TLV, Sperandio EF, Arantes RL, de Toledo Gagliardi AR, Romiti M, da Silva RP, Dourado VZ (2019) Dose-response relationship between very vigorous physical activity and cardiovascular health assessed by heart rate variability in adults: Cross-sectional results from the EPIMOV study. PLoS ONE 14:e0210216PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef de Sousa TLW, di Paschoale Ostoli TLV, Sperandio EF, Arantes RL, de Toledo Gagliardi AR, Romiti M, da Silva RP, Dourado VZ (2019) Dose-response relationship between very vigorous physical activity and cardiovascular health assessed by heart rate variability in adults: Cross-sectional results from the EPIMOV study. PLoS ONE 14:e0210216PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat de Vries H, Kamphuis W, van der Schans C, Sanderman R, Oldenhuis H (2022) Trends in daily heart rate variability fluctuations are associated with longitudinal changes in stress and somatisation in police officers. Healthcare 10:144PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef de Vries H, Kamphuis W, van der Schans C, Sanderman R, Oldenhuis H (2022) Trends in daily heart rate variability fluctuations are associated with longitudinal changes in stress and somatisation in police officers. Healthcare 10:144PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Fernberg U, Fernström M, Hurtig-Wennlöf A (2017) Arterial stiffness is associated to cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index in young Swedish adults: The Lifestyle, Biomarkers, and Atherosclerosis study. Eur J Prev Cardiol 24:1809–1818PubMedCrossRef Fernberg U, Fernström M, Hurtig-Wennlöf A (2017) Arterial stiffness is associated to cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index in young Swedish adults: The Lifestyle, Biomarkers, and Atherosclerosis study. Eur J Prev Cardiol 24:1809–1818PubMedCrossRef
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt A, Esco M (2016) Heart rate variability stabilization in athletes: towards more convenient data acquisition. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 36:331–336PubMedCrossRef Flatt A, Esco M (2016) Heart rate variability stabilization in athletes: towards more convenient data acquisition. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 36:331–336PubMedCrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt A, Esco M, Nakamura F, Plews D (2017) Interpreting daily heart rate variability changes in collegiate female soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 57:907–915PubMedCrossRef Flatt A, Esco M, Nakamura F, Plews D (2017) Interpreting daily heart rate variability changes in collegiate female soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 57:907–915PubMedCrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt AA, Allen JR, Keith CM, Martinez MW, Esco MR (2021) Season-long heart-rate variability tracking reveals autonomic imbalance in American college football players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 16:1834–1843PubMedCrossRef Flatt AA, Allen JR, Keith CM, Martinez MW, Esco MR (2021) Season-long heart-rate variability tracking reveals autonomic imbalance in American college football players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 16:1834–1843PubMedCrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt AA, Esco MR (2015) Smartphone-derived heart-rate variability and training load in a women’s soccer team. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10:994–1000PubMedCrossRef Flatt AA, Esco MR (2015) Smartphone-derived heart-rate variability and training load in a women’s soccer team. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 10:994–1000PubMedCrossRef
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt AA, Esco MR (2016) Evaluating individual training adaptation with smartphone-derived heart rate variability in a collegiate female soccer team. J Strength Cond Res 30:378–385PubMedCrossRef Flatt AA, Esco MR (2016) Evaluating individual training adaptation with smartphone-derived heart rate variability in a collegiate female soccer team. J Strength Cond Res 30:378–385PubMedCrossRef
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Flatt AA, Howells D (2019) Effects of varying training load on heart rate variability and running performance among an Olympic rugby sevens team. J Sci Med Sports 22:222–226CrossRef Flatt AA, Howells D (2019) Effects of varying training load on heart rate variability and running performance among an Olympic rugby sevens team. J Sci Med Sports 22:222–226CrossRef
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Gilgen-Ammann R, Schweizer T, Wyss T (2019) RR interval signal quality of a heart rate monitor and an ECG Holter at rest and during exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol 119:1525–1532PubMedCrossRef Gilgen-Ammann R, Schweizer T, Wyss T (2019) RR interval signal quality of a heart rate monitor and an ECG Holter at rest and during exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol 119:1525–1532PubMedCrossRef
18.
Zurück zum Zitat González-Fimbres RA, Hernández-Cruz G, Flatt AA (2021) Ultrashort Versus Criterion Heart Rate Variability Among International-Level Girls’ Field Hockey Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 16:985–992PubMedCrossRef González-Fimbres RA, Hernández-Cruz G, Flatt AA (2021) Ultrashort Versus Criterion Heart Rate Variability Among International-Level Girls’ Field Hockey Players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 16:985–992PubMedCrossRef
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Grässler B, Thielmann B, Böckelmann I, Hökelmann A (2021) Effects of different training interventions on heart rate variability and cardiovascular health and risk factors in young and middle-aged adults: A systematic review. Front Physiol 12:657274PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Grässler B, Thielmann B, Böckelmann I, Hökelmann A (2021) Effects of different training interventions on heart rate variability and cardiovascular health and risk factors in young and middle-aged adults: A systematic review. Front Physiol 12:657274PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Grove JR, Prapavessis H (1992) Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of an abbreviated profile of mood states. Int J Sport Psych 23:93–109 Grove JR, Prapavessis H (1992) Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of an abbreviated profile of mood states. Int J Sport Psych 23:93–109
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Hamer M (2012) Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease risk: the role of physical activity. Psychosom Med 74:896–903PubMedCrossRef Hamer M (2012) Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease risk: the role of physical activity. Psychosom Med 74:896–903PubMedCrossRef
22.
Zurück zum Zitat He X, Zhao M, Bi X, Sun L, Yu X, Zhao M, Zang W (2015) Novel strategies and underlying protective mechanisms of modulation of vagal activity in cardiovascular diseases. Br J Pharmacol 172:5489PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef He X, Zhao M, Bi X, Sun L, Yu X, Zhao M, Zang W (2015) Novel strategies and underlying protective mechanisms of modulation of vagal activity in cardiovascular diseases. Br J Pharmacol 172:5489PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, Hazen N, Herman J, Katz ES, Kheirandish-Gozal L (2015) National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Health 1:40–43PubMedCrossRef Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, Hazen N, Herman J, Katz ES, Kheirandish-Gozal L (2015) National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Health 1:40–43PubMedCrossRef
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Hopkins W, Marshall S, Batterham A, Hanin J (2009) Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:3–13PubMedCrossRef Hopkins W, Marshall S, Batterham A, Hanin J (2009) Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:3–13PubMedCrossRef
25.
Zurück zum Zitat Hynynen E, Konttinen N, Kinnunen U, Kyröläinen H, Rusko H (2011) The incidence of stress symptoms and heart rate variability during sleep and orthostatic test. Eur J Appl Physiol 111:733–741PubMedCrossRef Hynynen E, Konttinen N, Kinnunen U, Kyröläinen H, Rusko H (2011) The incidence of stress symptoms and heart rate variability during sleep and orthostatic test. Eur J Appl Physiol 111:733–741PubMedCrossRef
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Imboden MT, Welch WA, Swartz AM, Montoye AH, Finch HW, Harber MP, Kaminsky LA (2017) Reference standards for body fat measures using GE dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in Caucasian adults. PLoS ONE 12:e0175110PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Imboden MT, Welch WA, Swartz AM, Montoye AH, Finch HW, Harber MP, Kaminsky LA (2017) Reference standards for body fat measures using GE dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in Caucasian adults. PLoS ONE 12:e0175110PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Jandackova VK, Scholes S, Britton A, Steptoe A (2019) Healthy lifestyle and cardiac vagal modulation over 10 years: Whitehall II Cohort Study. J Am Heart Assoc 8:e012420PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Jandackova VK, Scholes S, Britton A, Steptoe A (2019) Healthy lifestyle and cardiac vagal modulation over 10 years: Whitehall II Cohort Study. J Am Heart Assoc 8:e012420PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
28.
Zurück zum Zitat Johansson JK, Niiranen TJ, Puukka PJ, Jula AM (2012) Prognostic value of the variability in home-measured blood pressure and heart rate: the Finn-Home Study. Hypertens 59:212–218CrossRef Johansson JK, Niiranen TJ, Puukka PJ, Jula AM (2012) Prognostic value of the variability in home-measured blood pressure and heart rate: the Finn-Home Study. Hypertens 59:212–218CrossRef
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Kaminsky LA, Imboden MT, Arena R, Myers J (2017) Reference standards for cardiorespiratory fitness measured with cardiopulmonary exercise testing using cycle ergometry: data from the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND) registry. Mayo Clin Proc 92:228–233PubMedCrossRef Kaminsky LA, Imboden MT, Arena R, Myers J (2017) Reference standards for cardiorespiratory fitness measured with cardiopulmonary exercise testing using cycle ergometry: data from the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND) registry. Mayo Clin Proc 92:228–233PubMedCrossRef
30.
Zurück zum Zitat Kang J, Chang Y, Kim Y, Shin H, Ryu S (2022) Ten-second heart rate variability, its changes over time, and the development of hypertension. Hypertens 79:1308–1318CrossRef Kang J, Chang Y, Kim Y, Shin H, Ryu S (2022) Ten-second heart rate variability, its changes over time, and the development of hypertension. Hypertens 79:1308–1318CrossRef
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Kaplan KA, Hirshman J, Hernandez B, Stefanick ML, Hoffman AR, Redline S, Ancoli-Israel S, Stone K, Friedman L, Zeitzer JM (2017) When a gold standard isn’t so golden: Lack of prediction of subjective sleep quality from sleep polysomnography. Biol Psychol 123:37PubMedCrossRef Kaplan KA, Hirshman J, Hernandez B, Stefanick ML, Hoffman AR, Redline S, Ancoli-Israel S, Stone K, Friedman L, Zeitzer JM (2017) When a gold standard isn’t so golden: Lack of prediction of subjective sleep quality from sleep polysomnography. Biol Psychol 123:37PubMedCrossRef
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Knaier R, Höchsmann C, Infanger D, Hinrichs T, Schmidt-Trucksäss A (2019) Validation of automatic wear-time detection algorithms in a free-living setting of wrist-worn and hip-worn ActiGraph GT3X. BMC Public Health 19:244PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Knaier R, Höchsmann C, Infanger D, Hinrichs T, Schmidt-Trucksäss A (2019) Validation of automatic wear-time detection algorithms in a free-living setting of wrist-worn and hip-worn ActiGraph GT3X. BMC Public Health 19:244PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
33.
Zurück zum Zitat Lee PH, Suen LK (2017) The convergent validity of Actiwatch 2 and ActiGraph Link accelerometers in measuring total sleeping period, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency in free-living condition. Sleep Breath 21:209–215PubMedCrossRef Lee PH, Suen LK (2017) The convergent validity of Actiwatch 2 and ActiGraph Link accelerometers in measuring total sleeping period, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency in free-living condition. Sleep Breath 21:209–215PubMedCrossRef
34.
Zurück zum Zitat Liguori G, Medicine ACoS (2020) ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Liguori G, Medicine ACoS (2020) ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
35.
Zurück zum Zitat Medeiros AR, Leicht AS, Michael S, Boullosa D (2021) Weekly vagal modulations and their associations with physical fitness and physical activity. Eur J Sport Sci 21:1326–1336PubMedCrossRef Medeiros AR, Leicht AS, Michael S, Boullosa D (2021) Weekly vagal modulations and their associations with physical fitness and physical activity. Eur J Sport Sci 21:1326–1336PubMedCrossRef
36.
Zurück zum Zitat Min K-B, Min J-Y, Paek D, Cho S-I (2008) The impact of the components of metabolic syndrome on heart rate variability: using the NCEP-ATP III and IDF definitions. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 31:584–591PubMedCrossRef Min K-B, Min J-Y, Paek D, Cho S-I (2008) The impact of the components of metabolic syndrome on heart rate variability: using the NCEP-ATP III and IDF definitions. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 31:584–591PubMedCrossRef
37.
Zurück zum Zitat Montoye AH, Clevenger KA, Pfeiffer KA, Nelson MB, Bock JM, Imboden MT, Kaminsky LA (2020) Development of cut-points for determining activity intensity from a wrist-worn ActiGraph accelerometer in free-living adults. J Sports Sci 38:2569–2578PubMedCrossRef Montoye AH, Clevenger KA, Pfeiffer KA, Nelson MB, Bock JM, Imboden MT, Kaminsky LA (2020) Development of cut-points for determining activity intensity from a wrist-worn ActiGraph accelerometer in free-living adults. J Sports Sci 38:2569–2578PubMedCrossRef
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Nakamura FY, Pereira LA, Rabelo FN, Flatt AA, Esco MR, Bertollo M, Loturco I (2016) Monitoring weekly heart rate variability in futsal players during the preseason: the importance of maintaining high vagal activity. J Sports Sci 34:2262–2268PubMedCrossRef Nakamura FY, Pereira LA, Rabelo FN, Flatt AA, Esco MR, Bertollo M, Loturco I (2016) Monitoring weekly heart rate variability in futsal players during the preseason: the importance of maintaining high vagal activity. J Sports Sci 34:2262–2268PubMedCrossRef
39.
Zurück zum Zitat Natarajan A, Pantelopoulos A, Emir-Farinas H, Natarajan P (2020) Heart rate variability with photoplethysmography in 8 million individuals: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Digit Health 2:e650–e657PubMedCrossRef Natarajan A, Pantelopoulos A, Emir-Farinas H, Natarajan P (2020) Heart rate variability with photoplethysmography in 8 million individuals: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Digit Health 2:e650–e657PubMedCrossRef
40.
Zurück zum Zitat Nauman J, Stensvold D, Coombes JS, Wisløff U (2016) Cardiorespiratory fitness, sedentary time, and cardiovascular risk factor clustering. Med Sci Sports Exerc 48:625–632PubMedCrossRef Nauman J, Stensvold D, Coombes JS, Wisløff U (2016) Cardiorespiratory fitness, sedentary time, and cardiovascular risk factor clustering. Med Sci Sports Exerc 48:625–632PubMedCrossRef
41.
Zurück zum Zitat Nemes A, Takacs R, Gavaller H, Varkonyi TT, Wittmann T, Forster T, Lengyel C (2010) Correlations between aortic stiffness and parasympathetic autonomic function in healthy volunteers. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 88:1166–1171PubMedCrossRef Nemes A, Takacs R, Gavaller H, Varkonyi TT, Wittmann T, Forster T, Lengyel C (2010) Correlations between aortic stiffness and parasympathetic autonomic function in healthy volunteers. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 88:1166–1171PubMedCrossRef
42.
Zurück zum Zitat Penttilä J, Helminen A, Jartti T, Kuusela T, Huikuri HV, Tulppo MP, Coffeng R, Scheinin H (2001) Time domain, geometrical and frequency domain analysis of cardiac vagal outflow: effects of various respiratory patterns. Clin Physiol 21:365–376PubMedCrossRef Penttilä J, Helminen A, Jartti T, Kuusela T, Huikuri HV, Tulppo MP, Coffeng R, Scheinin H (2001) Time domain, geometrical and frequency domain analysis of cardiac vagal outflow: effects of various respiratory patterns. Clin Physiol 21:365–376PubMedCrossRef
43.
Zurück zum Zitat Pierce GL, Harris SA, Seals DR, Casey DP, Barlow PB, Stauss HM (2016) Estimated aortic stiffness is independently associated with cardiac baroreflex sensitivity in humans: role of ageing and habitual endurance exercise. J Hum Hypertens 30:513–520PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Pierce GL, Harris SA, Seals DR, Casey DP, Barlow PB, Stauss HM (2016) Estimated aortic stiffness is independently associated with cardiac baroreflex sensitivity in humans: role of ageing and habitual endurance exercise. J Hum Hypertens 30:513–520PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
44.
Zurück zum Zitat Plaza-Florido A, Amaro-Gahete FJ, Acosta FM, Sacha J, Alcantara JM (2021) Heart rate rather than heart rate variability is better associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. Eur J Sport Sci 22:836–845PubMedCrossRef Plaza-Florido A, Amaro-Gahete FJ, Acosta FM, Sacha J, Alcantara JM (2021) Heart rate rather than heart rate variability is better associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. Eur J Sport Sci 22:836–845PubMedCrossRef
45.
Zurück zum Zitat Plews DJ, Laursen PB, Kilding AE, Buchheit M (2012) Heart rate variability in elite triathletes, is variation in variability the key to effective training? A case comparison. Eur J Appl Physiol 112:3729–3741PubMedCrossRef Plews DJ, Laursen PB, Kilding AE, Buchheit M (2012) Heart rate variability in elite triathletes, is variation in variability the key to effective training? A case comparison. Eur J Appl Physiol 112:3729–3741PubMedCrossRef
46.
Zurück zum Zitat Plews DJ, Laursen PB, Kilding AE, Buchheit M (2013) Evaluating training adaptation with heart-rate measures: a methodological comparison. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:688–691PubMedCrossRef Plews DJ, Laursen PB, Kilding AE, Buchheit M (2013) Evaluating training adaptation with heart-rate measures: a methodological comparison. Int J Sports Physiol Perform 8:688–691PubMedCrossRef
47.
Zurück zum Zitat Sandercock GR, Bromley PD, Brodie DA (2005) The reliability of short-term measurements of heart rate variability. Int J Cardiol 103:238–247PubMedCrossRef Sandercock GR, Bromley PD, Brodie DA (2005) The reliability of short-term measurements of heart rate variability. Int J Cardiol 103:238–247PubMedCrossRef
49.
Zurück zum Zitat Silverman MN, Deuster PA (2014) Biological mechanisms underlying the role of physical fitness in health and resilience. Interface Focus 4:20140040PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Silverman MN, Deuster PA (2014) Biological mechanisms underlying the role of physical fitness in health and resilience. Interface Focus 4:20140040PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
50.
Zurück zum Zitat Soltani M, Baluchi MJ, Boullosa D, Daraei A, Doyle-Baker PK, Saeidi A, Knechtle B, Dehbaghi KM, Mollabashi SS, VanDusseldorp TA (2021) Effect of intensity on changes in cardiac autonomic control of heart rate and arterial stiffness after equated continuous running training programs. Front Physiol 12:758299PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Soltani M, Baluchi MJ, Boullosa D, Daraei A, Doyle-Baker PK, Saeidi A, Knechtle B, Dehbaghi KM, Mollabashi SS, VanDusseldorp TA (2021) Effect of intensity on changes in cardiac autonomic control of heart rate and arterial stiffness after equated continuous running training programs. Front Physiol 12:758299PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
51.
Zurück zum Zitat Tan I, Kiat H, Barin E, Butlin M, Avolio AP (2016) Effects of pacing modality on noninvasive assessment of heart rate dependency of indices of large artery function. J Appl Physiol 121:771–780PubMedCrossRef Tan I, Kiat H, Barin E, Butlin M, Avolio AP (2016) Effects of pacing modality on noninvasive assessment of heart rate dependency of indices of large artery function. J Appl Physiol 121:771–780PubMedCrossRef
52.
Zurück zum Zitat Tonello L, Reichert FF, Oliveira-Silva I, Del Rosso S, Leicht AS, Boullosa DA (2016) Correlates of heart rate measures with incidental physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight female workers. Front Physiol 6:405PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Tonello L, Reichert FF, Oliveira-Silva I, Del Rosso S, Leicht AS, Boullosa DA (2016) Correlates of heart rate measures with incidental physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight female workers. Front Physiol 6:405PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
53.
Zurück zum Zitat Townsend RR, Black HR, Chirinos JA, Feig PU, Ferdinand KC, Germain M, Rosendorff C, Steigerwalt SP, Stepanek JA (2015) Clinical use of pulse wave analysis: Proceedings from a symposium sponsored by North American Artery. J Clin Hypertens 17:503–513CrossRef Townsend RR, Black HR, Chirinos JA, Feig PU, Ferdinand KC, Germain M, Rosendorff C, Steigerwalt SP, Stepanek JA (2015) Clinical use of pulse wave analysis: Proceedings from a symposium sponsored by North American Artery. J Clin Hypertens 17:503–513CrossRef
54.
Zurück zum Zitat Vlachopoulos C, Aznaouridis K, Stefanadis C (2010) Prediction of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with arterial stiffness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 55:1318–1327PubMedCrossRef Vlachopoulos C, Aznaouridis K, Stefanadis C (2010) Prediction of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality with arterial stiffness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 55:1318–1327PubMedCrossRef
55.
Zurück zum Zitat Werner GG, Ford BQ, Mauss IB, Schabus M, Blechert J, Wilhelm FH (2015) High cardiac vagal control is related to better subjective and objective sleep quality. Biol Psychol 106:79PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Werner GG, Ford BQ, Mauss IB, Schabus M, Blechert J, Wilhelm FH (2015) High cardiac vagal control is related to better subjective and objective sleep quality. Biol Psychol 106:79PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
56.
Zurück zum Zitat Wulsin L, Herman J, Thayer JF (2018) Stress, autonomic imbalance, and the prediction of metabolic risk: A model and a proposal for research. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 86:12–20PubMedCrossRef Wulsin L, Herman J, Thayer JF (2018) Stress, autonomic imbalance, and the prediction of metabolic risk: A model and a proposal for research. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 86:12–20PubMedCrossRef
57.
Zurück zum Zitat Zulfiqar U, Jurivich DA, Gao W, Singer DH (2010) Relation of high heart rate variability to healthy longevity. Am J Cardiol 105:1181–1185PubMedCrossRef Zulfiqar U, Jurivich DA, Gao W, Singer DH (2010) Relation of high heart rate variability to healthy longevity. Am J Cardiol 105:1181–1185PubMedCrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Self-recorded heart rate variability profiles are associated with health and lifestyle markers in young adults
verfasst von
Gregory J. Grosicki
Meral N. Culver
Nathan K. McMillan
Brett L. Cross
Alexander H. K. Montoye
Bryan L. Riemann
Andrew A. Flatt
Publikationsdatum
23.08.2022
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Clinical Autonomic Research / Ausgabe 6/2022
Print ISSN: 0959-9851
Elektronische ISSN: 1619-1560
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10286-022-00884-z

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2022

Clinical Autonomic Research 6/2022 Zur Ausgabe