01.12.2023 | Original Article
Socio-demographic disparities in health-related quality of life after hip fracture in China: evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study
Archives of Osteoporosis
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
This study analyzed the impact of hip fractures on people’s health-related quality of life and its socio-demographic disparities in China.
Hip fractures cause high mortality and worsened health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to investigate whether socio-demographic-related inequities in post-hip fracture participants’ HRQoL exist in China.
Data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (waves 2013, 2015, and 2018) were used. The measurement of HRQoL in this study focused on 5 health dimensions: depression, body pain, mobility, basic activities of daily living, and instrumental activities of daily living. A difference-in-differences (DID) analysis with multiple time periods was performed to gauge the impact of hip fracture on HRQoL. A multivariate regression approach was used to explore socio-demographic-related factors associated with inequities of HRQoL.
A total of 23,622 individuals were included, and 341 participants reported hip fracture events during the survey period. In participants with hip fracture, the presentation rate of body pain increased by 14% (p < 0.01) and the HRQoL of other health dimensions worsened (p ≤ 0.01) after hip fracture. The DID analysis showed that hip fracture had a negative impact on all HRQoL dimensions (p < 0.01). Socioeconomic-related factors of HRQoL inequities included school education level and location of residence. Study participants with hip fracture with greater educational attainment or living in urban areas had higher (p < 0.05) levels of HRQoL. In addition, comorbidities also correlated with a worse HRQoL (p < 0.05).
Hip fracture significantly affects people’s HRQoL in China, and the impact is more profound for those with lower educational attainment or living in rural areas. Targeted interventions should be designed to narrow this inequity.