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Open Access 01.12.2023 | Original Article

The association of osteoporosis and geriatric syndromes in the elderly: data from the Russian epidemiological study EVKALIPT

verfasst von: Ekaterina N. Dudinskaya, Natalia M. Vorobyeva, Julia S. Onuchina, Lubov V. Machekhina, Elena V. Selezneva, Lilia N. Ovcharova, Yulia V. Kotovskaya, Olga N. Tkacheva

Erschienen in: Archives of Osteoporosis | Ausgabe 1/2023

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Abstract

Summary

Osteoporosis is associated with almost all geriatric syndromes (GSs), and the occurrence of osteoporosis in patients over 65 years of age increases by 1.2–2.5 times. Early diagnosis of osteoporosis and GSs is very important. Additional programs should be adopted by the state to introduce information about the possibilities of working with elderly patients.

Purpose

To analyze associations of osteoporosis with geriatric syndromes in patients aged 65 years and older in the Russian Federation.

Methods

A total of 4308 patients (30% men) aged 65–107 years were examined and distributed into 3 age groups (65–74 years, 75–84 years, and 85 years and older). All patients underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment. In the “Falls and risk of falls” module, the number and circumstances of falls over the previous year were analyzed, as well as the history of fractures. The presence of osteoporosis was determined based on medical records. Physical examination included anthropometric measurements and standard enquiry, short physical performance battery (SPPB), dynamometry, measurement of gait velocity, Mini-Cog test, and orthostatic test.

Results

A total of 507 patients (11.8%) had evidence of osteoporosis; indications of low-energy fractures in history were recorded in 739 (17.3%) patients. Patients with osteoporosis were older, shorter, and predominantly women; had a lower body weight and a higher Charlson comorbidity index; and took more drugs. Patients with osteoporosis had lower gait velocity, hand grip strength, Barthel index value, and scores of the Lawton instrumental activities of daily living scale, the MNA (Mini Nutritional Assessment) short-form, and the SPPB. Osteoporosis is associated with almost all geriatric syndromes (GSs), and the occurrence of osteoporosis in patients over 65 years of age increases by 1.2–2.5 times.

Conclusions

Osteoporosis is associated with almost all GSs. The association of osteoporosis with advanced GSs aggravates the condition of these patients. Early diagnosis of osteoporosis and GSs is very important. Additional programs should be adopted by the state to introduce information about the possibilities of working with elderly patients: early detection and correction of osteoporosis.
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Metadaten
Titel
The association of osteoporosis and geriatric syndromes in the elderly: data from the Russian epidemiological study EVKALIPT
verfasst von
Ekaterina N. Dudinskaya
Natalia M. Vorobyeva
Julia S. Onuchina
Lubov V. Machekhina
Elena V. Selezneva
Lilia N. Ovcharova
Yulia V. Kotovskaya
Olga N. Tkacheva
Publikationsdatum
01.12.2023
Verlag
Springer London
Erschienen in
Archives of Osteoporosis / Ausgabe 1/2023
Print ISSN: 1862-3522
Elektronische ISSN: 1862-3514
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-023-01217-x

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