In this article I intend to describe an issue of the Dutch euthanasia practice that is not common knowledge. After some general introductory descriptions, by way of formulating a frame of reference, I shall describe the effects of this practice on patients, physicians and families, followed by a more philosophical reflection on the significance of these effects for the assessment of the authenticity of a request and the nature of unbearable suffering, two key concepts in the procedure towards euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. This article does not focus on the arguments for or against euthanasia and the ethical justification of physician-assisted dying. These arguments have been described extensively in Kimsma and Van Leeuwen (Asking to die. Inside the Dutch debate about euthanasia, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1998).
Aristotle. 1999. Friendship between unequals. In Nicomachean ethics, ed. T. Irwin, Book Eight, viii: 1159a9–60a9, 127–129. Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company.
Barilan, Y.M. 2003. Of doctor-patient sex and assisted suicide. Israel Medical Association Journal 5(6): 460–463. PubMed
Buchanan, A. 1996. Intending death: the structure of the problem and proposed solutions. In Intending death: The ethics of assisted suicide and euthanasia, ed. T. Beauchamp, 23–41. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Ciesielski, C., and G.K. Kimsma. 1994. The impact of reporting cases of euthanasia in Holland. Bioethics 8(2): 151–159. CrossRef
Clark, C.C., and G.K. Kimsma. 2004. “Medical friendships” in assisted dying. Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics 13: 61–67. PubMed
Emanuel, E., and L. Emanuel. 1999. Four models of the physician–patient relationship. In Ethical issues in modern medicine, 5th ed, ed. J. Arras, and J.B. Steinbock, 67–76. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
Freud, S. 1957. Thoughts for the times on war and death. (II Our attitudes towards death). In The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, vol. 14, ed. J. Strachey, and A. Freud, 289–300. London: Hogarth Press.
Haverkate, I., A. van der Heide, B.D. Onwuteaka-Philipsen, et al. 2001. The emotional impact on physicians of hastening the death of a patient. MJA 175: 519–522. PubMed
Kimsma, G.K., and E. van Leeuwen. 1998. Euthanasia and assisted suicide in The Netherlands and the USA: Comparing practices, justifications and key concepts in bioethics and law. In Asking to die. Inside the Dutch euthanasia debate, ed. D.C. Thomasma, et al., 35–71. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. CrossRef
Norwood, F. 2009. The maintenance of life. Preventing social death through euthanasia talk and end-of-life care—lessons from The Netherlands, 127–155. Durham/North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press.
Obstein, K.L., G.K. Kimsma, and T. Chambers. 2004. Practicing euthanasia: The perspective of physicians. Journal of Clinical Ethics 15(3): 223–231. PubMed
Pans, E. 2006. De normatieve grondslagen van het Nederlandse euthanasierecht (trans: The normative foundation of the Dutch euthanasia (case) law). Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers.
Pijnenborg, L. 1995. Life terminating acts without the patient’s explicit request. In End- of- life decisions in Dutch medical practice, 81–88. Dissertation, Erasmus University.
Rachels, J. 1987. The end of life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Stein, H. 1985. The psychodynamics of medical practice. Unconscious factors in patient care, 21 ff. Berkeley/Los Angeles/London: University of Chicago Press.
Thomasma, D.C., T. Kimbrough-Kushner, G.K. Kimsma, and C. Ciesielski-Carlucci (eds.). 1998. Asking to die. Inside the Dutch euthanasia debate. Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Press.
- Death by request in The Netherlands: facts, the legal context and effects on physicians, patients and families
G. K. Kimsma
- Springer Netherlands
Neu im Fachgebiet AINS
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet AINS
Mail Icon II