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20.01.2017 | Original Article – Clinical Oncology | Ausgabe 5/2017 Open Access

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 5/2017

Decitabine priming prior to low-dose chemotherapy improves patient outcomes in myelodysplastic syndromes-RAEB: a retrospective analysis vs. chemotherapy alone

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 5/2017
Autoren:
Li Ye, Yanling Ren, Xinping Zhou, Chen Mei, Liya Ma, Xingnong Ye, Juying Wei, Weilai Xu, Haitao Meng, Wenbin Qian, Wenyuan Mai, Yinjun Lou, Gaixiang Xu, Jiejing Qian, Yejiang Lou, Yingwan Luo, Lili Xie, Peipei Lin, Chao Hu, Jie Jin, Hongyan Tong
Wichtige Hinweise
L. Ye and Y. Ren contributed equally.

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to examine whether decitabine priming prior to low-dose chemotherapeutic regimens could improve outcomes in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes—refractory anemia with excess of blasts (MDS-RAEB).

Methods

The current retrospective analysis included all MDS-RAEB patients receiving idarubicin/cytarabine (IA) or aclacinomycin/cytarabine (AA), with or without decitabine priming during a period from February 2010 to May 2015. Treatment response and toxicity were compared between patients receiving decitabine priming and those who did not. A panel of 6 MDS-related genes was examined using bone marrow specimens.

Results

A total of 81 patients were included in the analysis: 40 received decitabine priming prior to chemotherapy (decitabine priming group). The median follow-up was 10.9 months (IQR: 6.2–21.9). The rate of overall response (OR) and complete remission (CR) was significantly higher in the decitabine priming group than in the chemotherapy group (OR: 75.0 vs. 51.2%, p = 0.027; CR: 55.0 vs. 29.3%, p = 0.019). Overall survival (OS) did not differ significantly between the two groups (19.5 vs. 14.7 months, p = 0.082). In a subgroup analysis that included only patients at < 60 years of age, the CR rate in the decitabine priming group was significantly higher than in the chemotherapy group (65.5 vs. 31.0%, p = 0.009). Survival benefit of decitabine priming was apparent in patients at < 60 years of age (22.4 months with 95% CI of 6.7–38.1 vs. 14.7 months with 95% CI of 11.4–18.0 months in the chemotherapy group, p = 0.028), patients with intermediate and unfavorable karyotypes (22.4 months with 95% CI of 15.1–29.7 vs. 11.9 months with 95% CI of 4.0–19.8 months in the chemotherapy group, p = 0.042), and patients with mutated splicing factor genes (35.3 months with 95% CI of 21.4–49.2 vs. 17.8 months with 95% CI of 13.8–21.8 months in the chemotherapy group, p = 0.039). Grade 3–4 hematological and non-hematological toxicities were not significantly different between the two groups.

Conclusions

Decitabine priming prior to low-dose chemotherapy could improve treatment responses in patients with MDS-RAEB.

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