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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2018

Decompression retinopathy following nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy for primary congenital glaucoma

Zeitschrift:
BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Prithvi Ramtohul, Maëva Chardavoine, Marie Beylerian, Aurore Aziz, Frédéric Matonti, Danièle Denis

Abstract

Background

To describe a unique case of decompression retinopathy manifesting as pre-macular subhyaloid hemorrhage that occurs in a nine-day old child after undergoing a non-penetrating deep sclerectomy for primary congenital glaucoma.

Case presentation

We report a single case of a 9-day-old boy who was referred to our department of ophthalmology for bilateral buphtalmia and corneal edema. He presented marked elevation of the intraocular pressure in both eyes (22 mmHg and 26 mmHg, in the right eye and left eye respectively) associated with significant optic nerve cupping.
Non-penetrating deep sclerectomy was performed for each eye, with effective reduction of the intraocular pressure during the first week postoperatively (11 mmHg and 7 mmHg in the right eye and left eye respectively). The right eye presented an isolated subhyaloid hemorrhage located in the pre-macular area, persisting 3 weeks after the initial surgery and requiring pars-plana vitrectomy to clear the visual axis. This uncommon complication was identified as decompression retinopathy.
The intraocular pressure remained controlled in the normal range three years after initial surgery in both eyes, with reversal of optic disc cupping.

Conclusions

Decompression retinopathy is a potential complication after non-penetrating deep sclerectomy in primary congenital glaucoma, requiring prompt treatment strategy to prevent potential organic amblyopia.
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