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03.10.2018 | KNEE | Ausgabe 2/2019

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2/2019

Degenerative isolated cartilage defects of the patellofemoral joint are associated with more severe symptoms compared to trauma-related defects: results of the German Cartilage Registry (KnorpelRegister DGOU)

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
Julian Mehl, A. Otto, L. Willinger, A. Hapfelmeier, A. B. Imhoff, P. Niemeyer, P. Angele, W. Zinser, G. Spahn, A. Schmitt

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to utilize data from the German Cartilage Registry (KnorpelRegister DGOU) to examine the hypothesis that degenerative cartilage defects of the patellofemoral joint are associated with more severe clinical symptoms compared to trauma-related defects.

Methods

All patients with isolated focal cartilage defects of the patellofemoral joint registered in the German Cartilage Registry until May 2017 were included in the study. Patients with previous surgery of the ipsilateral knee were excluded. Baseline data including etiology (traumatic, degenerative), size, location and ICRS grade of the cartilage defects as well as the duration of symptoms were analyzed. Clinical symptoms were evaluated by means of the numeric analog scale (NAS) for pain and the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). Group comparisons were performed using the Mann–Whitney-U test along with the Chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test. A bivariate correlation analysis and a multivariable linear regression analysis were performed to investigate the association between the defect characteristics and the clinical scores.

Results

A total of 423 patients (203 traumatic and 220 degenerative defects) were included. Isolated degenerative cartilage defects were found to have significantly more trochlear locations (28% vs. 18%; p = 0.006), significantly less ICRS grade 4 lesions (50% vs. 73%; p = 0.002) and a significantly smaller defect size [median 300 (IQR 105–400) vs. 300 (200–400) mm2] when compared to those from traumatic etiology. Traumatic defects showed significantly better KOOS-ADL [77 (60–90) vs. 69 (56–82); p = 0.005], KOOS-pain [69 (56–81) vs. 61 (47–75); p = 0.001] and NAS [2 (1–5) vs. 4 (1–6); p = 0.005] scores compared to degenerative defects. The correlation analysis revealed only weak correlations between the quantitative defect characteristics and clinical scores.

Conclusions

Degenerative isolated cartilage defects in the patellofemoral joint are associated with more severe clinical symptoms in comparison to trauma-related defects. Additionally, they show a larger variance regarding their location with more trochlear defects.

Level of evidence

III.

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