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06.12.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2020

European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 3/2020

Demographic characteristics and visual outcomes of open globe injuries in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
Melih Ustaoglu, Murat Karapapak, Semra Tiryaki, Ayse Burcu Dirim, Ali Olgun, Eyup Duzgun, Selam Yekta Sendul, Delil Ozcan, Dilek Guven

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the demographic characteristics and visual outcomes of patients with open globe injury (OGI) in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey.

Methods

The data of patients admitted with OGI to Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey from January 2012 to December 2017 were reviewed retrospectively, and 100 of the 154 patients were included in the study.

Results

There were 79 (79%) male and 21 (21%) female patients with the average age of 33.7 ± 20.7 (1–83). Presentation of the patients was more frequent in the first 3 days of the week (Monday 20%; Tuesday 17%; and Wednesday 20%) and within working hours (8 a.m.–5 p.m., 71%). The most common injury type was penetrating injury (75%), which was mostly caused by sharp objects (metal objects 32% and broken glass 22.7%). The ocular trauma score (OTS) was significantly higher in patients with penetrating injury and intraocular foreign body injury (p < 0.001), and those results were correlated with better visual prognosis. The patients with penetrating injury among the injury types and zone I injury among the injury zones had the highest final visual acuity. Patients in the age group of 0–14 years had statistically better visual outcome when compared to those in the other age groups (p = 0.003).

Conclusions

The higher initial visual acuity and OTS, penetrating injury, zone I injury and pediatric age are good prognostic factors for OGI. Additionally, scheduling a prepared surgical team and tools in working hours will be beneficial according to the frequency of admissions.

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