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Erschienen in: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 2/2024

19.10.2023 | Inflammatory Disorders

Demyelinating plaque-associated uveitis

verfasst von: Alireza Hedayatfar, Pasha Anvari, C. P. Herbort Jr., Soon-Phaik Chee

Erschienen in: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology | Ausgabe 2/2024

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Abstract

Purpose

To report the clinical and fluorescein angiographic (FA) features of demyelinating plaque-associated uveitis (DPU), a subset of uveitis in which patients have demyelinating plaques on the brain/cervical magnetic resonance image (MRI) but do not meet the criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods

In this retrospective observational study, Persian Patients were diagnosed with DPU and included if (1) they never satisfied the MS criteria, (2) all other possible etiologies were excluded, and (3) they were followed for at least 2 years.

Results

After a median follow-up of 3 years (interquartile range, 2.0–5.3), 8 out of 40 (20%) patients diagnosed with DPU were excluded as they subsequently met the MS criteria. Of remaining 32 patients studied, the mean age was 36.3±9.9 (range 20–56 years), and 30 (93.8%) were female. Twenty-four (75.0%) showed bilateral involvement and 27 (84.4%) had insidious-chronic course. Uveitis was classified as intermediate (with or without anterior uveitis) in 29 (90.6%) and isolated anterior in 3 (9.4%) patients. Nine (28.1%) patients had at least one systemic neurological complaint. Ocular findings were: granulomatous keratic precipitates in 43/44 (97.7%) eyes; snowballs in 25/52 (48.1%) eyes; snowbanks in 4/52 (7.7%) eyes; cystoid macular edema in 20/56 (35.7%) eyes; and optic neuritis in 5/56 (8.9%) eyes. Visual acuity was ≥ 20/40 in 39 eyes (69.6%) at presentation which improved to 46 eyes (81.2%) at 2-year follow up. The two most frequent findings in FA were optic disc leakage/staining in 44/52 (81.5%) eyes, and peripheral retinal perivascular leakage in 39/52 (76.9%) eyes, which in 14/52 (26.9%) eyes extended beyond the equator.

Conclusion

DPU usually presents as a bilateral chronic granulomatous intermediate and, less often, isolated anterior uveitis, especially in females. Most are neurologically asymptomatic. Visual outcome is generally favorable. In FA, peripheral retinal perivascular leakage is common. DPU patients have an increased tendency to develop MS and should be prohibited from anti-TNF treatment.
Literatur
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Metadaten
Titel
Demyelinating plaque-associated uveitis
verfasst von
Alireza Hedayatfar
Pasha Anvari
C. P. Herbort Jr.
Soon-Phaik Chee
Publikationsdatum
19.10.2023
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology / Ausgabe 2/2024
Print ISSN: 0721-832X
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-702X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-023-06270-3

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