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29.10.2019 | Original Article

Dental age estimation based on the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in the lower third molars: application of a new stage classification

International Journal of Legal Medicine
Yu-cheng Guo, Ya-hui Wang, Andreas Olze, Sven Schmidt, Ronald Schulz, Heidi Pfeiffer, Teng Chen, Andreas Schmeling
Wichtige Hinweise
Yu-cheng Guo and Ya-hui Wang contributed equally to this work.

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The purpose of the present study was to test whether a new stage classification based on radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in lower third molars in a Chinese population can be used for the 18- and 21-year thresholds. A total of 1300 orthopantomograms, including equal numbers of northern Chinese males and females evenly distributed between the ages of 15 and 40 years, were analyzed. The stages were defined according to the visibility of periodontal ligament for the outer parts of lower third molar roots because the visibility status of the periodontal ligament between the roots of lower third molars is none valuable in many Chinese individuals. Stage 0 was first achieved at the age of 17.05 years in males and 17.46 years in females. The earliest appearance of stage 1 was 17.47 years in males and 17.86 years in females. Stage 2 was first observed in males at the age of 21.43 years and in females at the age of 21.96 years. The onset of stage 3 was first observed at the age of 25.83 years in males and 23.14 years in females. Compared with the stage classification of Olze et al., which also considers the mesial parts of the roots, the number of assessable cases could be significantly increased. Therefore, our novel approach is effective for age estimation in the Chinese population.

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