Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2014 | Original Scientific Article | Ausgabe 3/2014

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 3/2014

Dental health of young children prenatally exposed to buprenorphine. A concern of child neglect?

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
K. Kivistö, H. Alapulli, S. Tupola, S. Alaluusua, S. Kivitie-Kallio
Wichtige Hinweise
K. Kivistö and H. Alapulli contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Purpose

To study the oral health and dental neglect of prenatally buprenorphine-exposed 3-year-old children.

Methods

The study consisted of 51 children who as newborns tested positive for buprenorphine in a urine screen. The control group comprised 68 children previously unexposed to narcotics. The dentist examined the children and interviewed their guardians.

Results

Buprenorphine-exposed children exhibited significantly more early childhood caries than did the control group. Caries indices, the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth or tooth surfaces and decayed teeth were greater in the buprenorphine-exposed children than the control children (p = 0.004, p = 0.004, p = 0.001, respectively). In the buprenorphine group, more children showed visible plaque (p = 0.003) and fewer children were caries-free (p = 0.009) than in the control group. The control children’s teeth were also brushed more often than the buprenorphine-exposed children’s teeth (p = 0.001) and the parents were more involved in their children’s tooth brushing than were those in the buprenorphine-exposed group (p = 0.035).

Conclusions

More caries and dental neglect were found in buprenorphine-exposed children than in controls. These findings highlight the importance of routine dental appointments, caries screening and preventive care for children in substance-abusing families.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2014

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 3/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Zahnmedizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Zahnmedizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise