In developing countries, Schistosoma mansoni is one of the chronic but neglected tropical diseases. In sub-Saharan Africa, the disease affects over 250 million people with nearly 800 million are at risk. In Ethiopia, Schistosoma mansoni is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and identify the determinant factors of Schistosoma mansoni, in terms of some socio-demographic variables and risk factors.
A cross-sectional parasitological survey was conducted at Sanja health center, northwest Ethiopia from June 1 to June 30, 2015. A total of 228 study participants were included in the study. The participants were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Stool specimens were collected and examined using Kato-Katz methods. Structural questionnaires were used to collect data on socio-demographic variables and risk factors by face to face interviews. The major risk factors and demographic determinants of the infection status of Schistosoma mansoni were identified by using descriptive and ordinal logistic regression techniques.
The overall prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni was 16.67% (95%CI: 11.83–21.51%). Covariates such as no habit of swimming in rivers has lower risk (AOR = 0.022: 95%CI: 0.011–0.764), no frequency of swimming in rivers (AOR = 0.022: 95%CI: 0.0024–0.207), and 1 to 2 frequency of swimming (OR = 0.302: 95%CI: 0.097–0.941), washing clothes in rivers (AOR = 0.194: 95%CI: 0.046–0.0.811) and bathing in the river (AOR = 0.09: 95%CI: 0.010–0.815) were the most important determinant factors (P-value < 0.5) of Schistosoma mansoni in Sanja health center.
In this study, the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni was found to be high. Swimming habits, frequency of swimming, washing clothes, and bathing in rivers were found to be significant predictors of Schistosoma mansoni. Provisions of a safe water supply in the area and health education about the transmission of the Schistosoma mansoni infection are required.