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14.05.2019 | Original Research | Ausgabe 2/2020 Open Access

Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 2/2020

Determination of cardiac output from pulse pressure contour during intra-aortic balloon pumping in patients with low ejection fraction

Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing > Ausgabe 2/2020
Jos R. C. Jansen, Marcelo B Bastos, Pat Hanlon, Nicolas M. Van Mieghem, Ottavio Alfieri, Jan J. Schreuder
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Evaluation of a new Windkessel model based pulse contour method (WKflow) to calculate stroke volume in patients undergoing intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP). Preload changes were induced by vena cava occlusions (VCO) in twelve patients undergoing cardiac surgery to vary stroke volume (SV), which was measured by left ventricular conductance volume method (SVlv) and WKflow (SVwf). Twelve VCO series were carried out during IABP assist at a 1:2 ratio and seven VCO series were performed with IABP switched off. Additionally, SVwf was evaluated during nine episodes of severe arrhythmia. VCO’s produced marked changes in SV over 10–20 beats. 198 paired data sets of SVlv and SVwf were obtained. Bland–Altman analysis for the difference between SVlv and SVwf during IABP in 1:2 mode showed a bias (accuracy) of 1.04 ± 3.99 ml, precision 10.9% and limits of agreement (LOA) of − 6.94 to 9.02 ml. Without IABP bias was 0.48 ± 4.36 ml, precision 11.6% and LOA of − 8.24 to 9.20 ml. After one thermodilution calibration of SVwf per patient, during IABP the accuracy improved to 0.14 ± 3.07 ml, precision to 8.3% and LOA to − 6.00 to + 6.28 ml. Without IABP the accuracy improved to 0.01 ± 2.71 ml, precision to 7.5% and LOA to − 5.41 to + 5.43 ml. Changes in SVlv and SVwf were directionally concordant in response to VCO’s and during severe arrhythmia. (R2 = 0.868). The SVwf and SVlv methods are interchangeable with respect to measuring absolute stroke volume as well as tracking changes in stroke volume. The precision of the non-calibrated WKflow method is about 10% which improved to 7.5% after one calibration per patient.

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