Skip to main content
main-content

28.01.2020 | Systematic Review

Determining the Sites of Neural Adaptations to Resistance Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Sports Medicine
Autoren:
Ummatul Siddique, Simin Rahman, Ashlyn K. Frazer, Alan J. Pearce, Glyn Howatson, Dawson J. Kidgell
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s40279-020-01258-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Resistance-training causes changes in the central nervous system (CNS); however, the sites of these adaptations remain unclear.

Objective

To determine sites of neural adaptation to resistance-training by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis on the cortical and subcortical responses to resistance-training.

Methods

Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that focused on neural adaptations to resistance-training was pooled to assess effect estimates for changes in strength, cortical, and subcortical adaptations.

Results

The magnitude of strength gain in 30 RCTs (n = 623) reported a standardised mean difference (SMD) of 0.67 (95% CI 0.41, 0.94; P < 0.001) that measured at least one cortical/subcortical neural adaptation which included: motor-evoked potentials (MEP; 19 studies); silent period (SP; 7 studies); short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI; 7 studies); cervicomedullary evoked potentials (CMEP; 1 study); transcranial magnetic stimulation voluntary activation (VATMS; 2 studies); H-reflex (10 studies); and V-wave amplitudes (5 studies). The MEP amplitude during voluntary contraction was greater following resistance-training (SMD 0.55; 95% CI 0.27, 0.84; P < 0.001, n = 271), but remained unchanged during rest (SMD 0.49; 95% CI -0.68, 1.66; P = 0.41, n = 114). Both SP (SMD 0.65; 95% CI 0.29, 1.01; P < 0.001, n = 184) and active SICI (SMD 0.68; 95% CI 0.14, 1.23; P = 0.01, n = 102) decreased, but resting SICI remained unchanged (SMD 0.26; 95% CI − 0.29, 0.81; P = 0.35, n = 52). Resistance-training improved neural drive as measured by V-wave amplitude (SMD 0.62; 95% CI 0.14, 1.10; P = 0.01, n = 101), but H-reflex at rest (SMD 0.16; 95% CI − 0.36, 0.68; P = 0.56; n = 57), during contraction (SMD 0.15; 95% CI − 0.18, 0.48; P = 0.38, n = 142) and VATMS (MD 1.41; 95% CI − 4.37, 7.20; P = 0.63, n = 44) remained unchanged.

Conclusion

There are subtle neural adaptations following resistance-training involving both cortical and subcortical adaptations that act to increase motoneurone activation and likely contribute to the training-related increase in muscle strength.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise