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01.12.2014 | Brief Report | Ausgabe 2/2014 Open Access

Infectious Diseases and Therapy 2/2014

Developing a Method for Reporting Patient Harm Due to Antimicrobial Shortages

Zeitschrift:
Infectious Diseases and Therapy > Ausgabe 2/2014
Autoren:
Milena M. McLaughlin, Erik Skoglund, Zachary Pentoney, Marc H. Scheetz
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s40121-014-0040-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Introduction

The number of drug shortages in the United States has increased in recent years. While some literature exists on factors that contribute to antimicrobial shortages, the need remains to accurately gage the level of patient harm incurred as a result of realized antimicrobial shortages. Furthermore, current methods of reporting adverse drug events are known to under-report instances of patient harm. We sought to develop an ongoing and accurate method of reporting patient harm due to antimicrobial shortages, which was convenient, anonymous, and allowed clinicians to estimate the causality due to a shortage.

Methods

We distributed a public SurveyMonkey® (SurveyMonkey, Palo Alto, CA, USA) link to gather information regarding institution (for de-duplicating purposes), patient age, sex, antimicrobial product on shortage, type of infection requiring treatment or prophylaxis, adverse event, and patient outcome.

Results

To date complete data were reported on four patients being treated for infections that included Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, neonatal sepsis of unknown etiology, and cytomegalovirus colitis. Antimicrobials that were unavailable to patients included sulfamethoxazole–trimethoprim, gentamicin, and foscarnet. Two adverse events (a delay in treatment and an inability to treat with other antimicrobials due to resistance) were attributed with probable causality due to a shortage, while the remaining adverse events (death and an inability to tolerate high oral doses) were attributed to have unlikely and possible causalities due to a shortage, respectively.

Conclusion

These methods encourage reports of antimicrobial shortage harms.
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