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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2015

Development and promotion of a national website to improve dissemination of information related to the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) in Tanzania

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Gudila Stephan, Mary Jo Hoyt, Deborah S. Storm, Sylvia Shirima, Charles Matiko, Emmanuel Matechi
Wichtige Hinweise
Gudila Stephan, Mary Jo Hoyt and Deborah S. Storm contributed equally to this work.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no financial or non-financial competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

GS led the development of the PMTCT NRC website; analyzed and interpreted website data; and drafted the manuscript. MJH assisted with website development, drafting the manuscript and provided critical revision of the manuscript. DSS participated in the analysis and interpretation of data and provided critical oversight and revision of the manuscript. SS, CM and EM provided critical input on website development and revision of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Websites that address national public health issues provide an important mechanism to improve health education and services in resource limited countries. This article describes the development, promotion and initial evaluation of a national website to increase access to information and resources about prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) among healthcare workers and PMTCT stakeholders in Tanzania.

Methods

A participatory approach, involving the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) and key PMTCT stakeholders, was used to develop and manage the online PMTCT National Resource Center (NRC), http://​pmtct.​or.​tz/​. The website was created with a content management system software system that does not require advanced computer skills and facilitates content updates and site management. The PMTCT NRC hosts related regularly updated PMTCT-related news, resources and publications. Website implementation, access and performance were evaluated over two years using Google Analytics data about visits, page views, downloads, bounce rates and location of visitors, supplemented by anecdotal feedback.

Results

Following its launch in July 2013, the PMTCT NRC website received a total of 28,400 visits, with 66,463 page views, over 2 years; 30 % of visits were from returning visitors. During year 1, visits increased by 80 % from the first to second 6 month period and then declined slightly (9–11 %) but remained stable in Year 2. Monthly visits spiked by about 70 % during October 2013 and January 2014 in response to the release and promotion of revised national PMTCT guidelines and training manuals. The majority of visitors came from primarily urban areas in Tanzania (50 %) and from other African countries (16 %). By year 2, over one-third of visitors used mobile devices to access the site.

Conclusions

The successfully implemented PMTCT NRC website provides centralized, easily accessed information designed to address the needs of clinicians, educators and program partners in Tanzania. Ongoing involvement of the MOHSW and key stakeholders are essential ensure the website’s growth, effectiveness and sustainability. Additional efforts are needed to expand use of the PMTCT NRC throughout the country. Future evaluations should examine the role of the website in supporting implementation of national PMTCT guidelines and services in Tanzania.
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