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01.12.2014 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

Conflict and Health 1/2014

Development of a scale to measure individuals’ ratings of peace

Conflict and Health > Ausgabe 1/2014
Howard Zucker, Roy Ahn, Samuel Justin Sinclair, Mark Blais, Brett D Nelson, Thomas F Burke
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

HZ, RA, SJS, MB, BDN, and TFB conceived of and designed the study. BN, RA, TFB led the focus group studies. HZ, RA, and TFB led the data collection. SJS and MB carried out the scale analysis and interpretation. HZ drafted the initial manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of intervention programs all efforts are prone to subjective assessment. This paper develops a psychometric index that lays the foundation for measuring community peace stemming from intervention programs.


After developing a working definition of ‘peace’ and delineating a Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) scale with seven constructs comprised of 71 items, a beta version of the index was pilot-tested. Two hundred and fifty subjects in three sites in the U.S. were studied using a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the psychometric functioning of the PEACE scale. Known groups validation was performed using the SOS-10. In addition, test-retest reliability was performed on 20 subjects.


The preliminary data demonstrated that the scale has acceptable psychometric properties for measuring an individual’s level of peacefulness. The study also provides reliability and validity data for the scale. The data demonstrated internal consistency, correlation between data and psychological well-being, and test-retest reliability.


The PEACE scale may serve as a novel assessment tool in the health sector and be valuable in monitoring and evaluating the peace-building impact of health initiatives in conflict-affected regions.
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