Skip to main content

01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2014

Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 6/2014

Development of immunomonitoring of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity against neuroblastoma cells using whole blood

Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy > Ausgabe 6/2014
Ferdousi Chowdhury, Holger N. Lode, Mark S. Cragg, Martin J. Glennie, Juliet C. Gray


Neuroblastoma, a childhood tumour of neuroectodermal origin, accounts for 15 % of paediatric cancer deaths, which is often metastatic at diagnosis and despite aggressive therapies, it has poor long-term prognosis with high risk of recurrence. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy targeting GD2, a disialoganglioside expressed on neuroblastoma, has shown promise in recent trials with natural killer cell (NK)-mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) thought to be central to efficacy, although other immune effectors may be important. To further enhance therapy, immunomonitoring of patients is essential to elucidate the in vivo mechanisms of action and provides surrogate end points of efficacy for future clinical trials. Our aim was to establish a ‘real-time’ ex vivo whole-blood (WB) immunomonitoring strategy to perform within the logistical constraints such as limited sample volumes, anticoagulant effects, sample stability and shipping time. A fluorescent dye release assay measuring target cell lysis was coupled with flow cytometry to monitor specific effector response. Significant target cell lysis with anti-GD2 antibody (p < 0.05) was abrogated following NK depletion. NK up-regulation of CD107a and CD69 positively correlated with target cell lysis (r > 0.6). The ADCC activity of WB correlated with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (r > 0.95), although WB showed overall greater target cell lysis attributed to the combination of NK-mediated ADCC, CD16+ granulocyte degranulation and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. Response was maintained in heparinised samples stored for 24 h at room temperature, but not 4 °C. Critically, the assay showed good reproducibility (mean % CV < 6.4) and was successfully applied to primary neuroblastoma samples. As such, WB provides a resourceful analysis of multiple mechanisms for efficient end point monitoring to correlate immune modulation with clinical outcome.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.