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16.10.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2018

Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 2/2018

Development of Intensive Motivational Interviewing (IMI) and Modifications for Treating Women with Alcohol Use Disorders

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Douglas L. Polcin, Rachael Korcha, Madhabika Nayak

Abstract

Women have greater vulnerability to alcohol problems than men. They become intoxicated after drinking half as much as men, develop cirrhosis of the liver more rapidly, and have a greater risk of dying from alcohol-related accidents. Despite more serious consequences related to their drinking, treatment for women with alcohol use disorders has been understudied relative to treatment for men. Intensive motivational interviewing (IMI) is a recent psychotherapeutic intervention for substance abuse problems that draws on the principles of brief motivational interviewing (1–2 session). However, the intervention includes 9 sessions designed to enable therapists to have maximum flexibility to facilitate factors known to be important for women with substance use disorders, such as active facilitation of client-therapist collaboration, empowerment, and affirmation of strengths. This paper reviews the development of IMI, initial favorable findings for women with co-occurring methamphetamine and alcohol problems, and the design of an ongoing longitudinal study assessing the effects of MI for women with alcohol problems over a 12-month time period. Relational Theory is used as a conceptual framework for understanding IMI for women. The theory emphasizes understanding, building, and modifying interpersonal relationships as a central goal. From this perspective, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and reduction in drinking are enhanced through interpersonal connections with others. Plans for additional study of IMI are described along with suggestions for therapists.

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