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Erschienen in: Brain Structure and Function 6/2021

27.05.2021 | Original Article

Developmental changes of the central sulcus morphology in young children

verfasst von: Niharika Gajawelli, Sean C. L. Deoni, Natalie Ramsy, Douglas C. Dean III, Jonathan O’Muircheartaigh, Marvin D. Nelson, Natasha Lepore, Olivier Coulon

Erschienen in: Brain Structure and Function | Ausgabe 6/2021

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Abstract

The human brain grows rapidly in early childhood, reaching 95% of its final volume by age 6. Understanding brain growth in childhood is important both to answer neuroscience questions about anatomical changes in development, and as a comparison metric for neurological disorders. Metrics for neuroanatomical development including cortical measures pertaining to the sulci can be instrumental in early diagnosis, monitoring, and intervention for neurological diseases. In this paper, we examine the development of the central sulcus in children aged 12–60 months from structural magnetic resonance images. The central sulcus is one of the earliest sulci to develop at the fetal stage and is implicated in diseases such as Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder and Williams syndrome. We investigate the relationship between the changes in the depth of the central sulcus with respect to age. In our results, we observed a pattern of depth present early on, that had been previously observed in adults. Results also reveal the presence of a rightward depth asymmetry at 12 months of age at a location related to orofacial movements. That asymmetry disappears gradually, mostly between 12 and 24 months, and we suggest that it is related to the development of language skills.
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Metadaten
Titel
Developmental changes of the central sulcus morphology in young children
verfasst von
Niharika Gajawelli
Sean C. L. Deoni
Natalie Ramsy
Douglas C. Dean III
Jonathan O’Muircheartaigh
Marvin D. Nelson
Natasha Lepore
Olivier Coulon
Publikationsdatum
27.05.2021
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Brain Structure and Function / Ausgabe 6/2021
Print ISSN: 1863-2653
Elektronische ISSN: 1863-2661
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00429-021-02292-x

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