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14.12.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2018

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 6/2018

Diabetes Self-Care Behaviors Among Marshallese Adults Living in the United States

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Holly Felix, Brett Rowland, Christopher R. Long, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Michelle Piel, Peter A. Goulden, Pearl A. McElfish

Abstract

Marshallese experience high rates of type 2 diabetes. Proper management of diabetes requires multiple self-care behaviors, yet little is known about Marshallese’s diabetes-related self-care behaviors. Survey data from 111 Marshallese adults with diabetes were used to examine relationships between self-care behaviors and socio-demographic characteristics. The most common self-care behavior was attending annual doctor visits, while the least common was maintaining a normal weight. Age group, education level, and having a regular doctor were significantly associated with engaging in self-care behaviors. Having a regular doctor had the most effect on performing self-care behaviors (p = 0.006); although, only 38.7% reported having a regular doctor. To minimize diabetes-related complications, efforts to improve self-care behaviors among the Marshallese should be developed. Alternatives to traditional healthcare providers, such as community health workers, may be a viable strategy with this population given only one-third reported having a regular doctor.

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