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28.05.2018 | Original Article

Diagnostic accuracy of intraoperative perfusion-weighted MRI and 5-aminolevulinic acid in relation to contrast-enhanced intraoperative MRI and 11C-methionine positron emission tomography in resection of glioblastoma: a prospective study

Zeitschrift:
Neurosurgical Review
Autoren:
Andrej Pala, Sven N. Reske, Nina Eberhardt, Angelika Scheuerle, Ralph König, Bernd Schmitz, Ambros J. Beer, Christian R. Wirtz, Jan Coburger

Abstract

The aim of our study was to compare depicted pre-, intra-, and postoperative tumor volume of met-PET, perfusion-weighed MRI (PWI), and Gd-DTPA MRI. Further, to assess their sensitivity and specificity in correlation with histopathological specimen. Inclusion criteria of the prospective study were histological confirmed glioblastoma (GB), age > 18, and eligible for gross total resection (GTR). Met-PET was performed before and after surgery. Gd-DTPA MRI and PWI were performed before, during, and after surgery. A combined 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and iMRI-guided surgery was performed. Volumetric analysis was evaluated for all imaging modalities except for 5-ALA. A total of 59 navigated biopsies were taken. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated for Gd-DTPA MRI, PWI, met-PET, and 5-ALA according to the histology of specimen. Met-PET depicted significantly larger tumor volume before surgery (p = 0.01) compared to PWI and Gd-DTPI MRI. We found no significant difference in tumor volume between met-PET and PWI after surgery (p = 0.059). Both PWI and met-PET showed significantly larger tumor volume after surgery when compared to Gd-DTPA (p = 0.018 and p = 0.003, respectively). Intraoperative PWI reading was impaired in 33.3% due to artifacts. Met-PET showed the highest sensitivity for detection of GB with 95%. The lowest sensitivity was found with Gd-DTPA MRI (50%), while 5-ALA and intraoperative PWI showed similar results (69 and 67%). Met-Pet is the imaging modality with the highest sensitivity to detect a residual tumor in GB. Intraoperative PWI seems to have a synergistic effect to Gd-DTPA and 5-ALA. However, its value may be limited by artifacts. Both pre- and intraoperative PWI cannot substitute met-PET in tumor detection.

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