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01.03.2013 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2013 Open Access

Medical Oncology 1/2013

Diagnostic value of DNA alteration: loss of heterozygosity or allelic imbalance—promising for molecular staging of prostate cancers

Zeitschrift:
Medical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2013
Autoren:
Magdalena Bryś, Monika Migdalska-Sęk, Dorota Pastuszak-Lewandoska, Ewa Forma, Karolina Czarnecka, Daria Domańska, Ewa Nawrot, Jacek Wilkosz, Waldemar Różański, Ewa Brzeziańska
Wichtige Hinweise
Magdalena Bryś and Monika Migdalska-Sęk equally contributed to the article.

Abstract

The biological behavior of prostate cancer is uncertain, and therefore, search for molecular prognostic markers associated with disease progression seems to be essential. We performed microsatellite allelotyping of DNA isolated from primary prostate tumors biopsies (prostate adenocarcinoma, PCa). We evaluated the frequency of allelic imbalance (AI), including loss of heterozygosity and/or microsatellite imbalance (LOH/MSI) as well as the association of these DNA alterations with clinicopathological variables. We assessed the significance of LOH/MSI alterations in selected imprinted and non-imprinted chromosomal regions (IR and NIR) in PCa. A total of 50 biopsies of prostate tumor (containing >75 % tumor cells) were histologically examined confirming prostate carcinoma. Microsatellite allelotyping using 16 microsatellite markers linked to the following chromosomal regions: 1p31.2, 3p21.3–25.3, 7q32.2, 9p21.3, 11p15.5, 12q23.2, and 16q22.1 was performed. The incidence of LOH/MSI alterations in prostate tumor cells was the highest for chromosomal regions 7q32.2 and 16q22.1 (31.25 and 26.60 %, respectively), followed by 1p31.2 and 3p21.3–25.3 (26.50 and 17.40 %, respectively). Statistically significant increase in LOH/MSI alterations has been observed for markers: D1S2137 (1p region; p = 0.00032), D9S974 (9p region; p = 0.0017), and D16S3025 (16q region; p = 0.0017). Statistically significant differences in frequency of LOH/MSI alterations in particular chromosomal regions have been found for 1p31.2, 7q32.2 and 16q22.1 (p = 0.027, p = 0.012 and p = 0.031, respectively). We documented statistically significant association between Fractional Allele Loss (FAL) index and advanced tumor stage (p < 0.05). We suggest that genomic instability of LOH/MSI type is a frequent event in prostate carcinogenesis and assessed as FAL index has clinical value for the molecular staging of prostate cancer in (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy material.

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