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01.04.2005 | Short Communication | Ausgabe 4/2005

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 4/2005

Diagnostic value of mitochondrial DNA mutation analysis in juvenile unilateral ptosis

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 4/2005
Autoren:
Thorsten Okulla, Wolfram S. Kunz, Thomas Klockgether, Rolf Schröder, Cornelia Kornblum

Abstract

Purpose

To highlight the diagnostic relevance of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation analysis in acquired juvenile unilateral upper eyelid ptosis.

Methods

A 13-year-old boy presented with acquired, slowly progressive unilateral ptosis. We performed ophthalmological and neurological examinations, laboratory testing, skeletal muscle biopsy including histological and histochemical investigations, biochemical analysis of respiratory chain enzymes in skeletal muscle homogenate and molecular genetic testing of skeletal muscle DNA.

Results

Though clinical, laboratory, histological and biochemical analyses did not reveal any hints suggesting a mitochondrial cytopathy, molecular genetic testing by Southern blot analysis of total DNA from skeletal muscle tissue showed a 5.8 kb mtDNA deletion thus proving the diagnosis of mitochondrial chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO).

Conclusions

In patients with unexplained acquired juvenile unilateral ptosis, an underlying mitochondrial cytopathy should be considered even in cases of inconspicuous ancillary examinations comprising skeletal muscle histology and biochemistry. To establish the diagnosis, molecular genetic testing of DNA derived from skeletal muscle tissue is essential in those patients.

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