Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), inducers of G1 cell cycle arrest, are two recently discovered good biomarkers for early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI). To obtain a more robust performance measurement, the present meta-analysis was performed, pooling existing studies.
Literature in the MEDLINE (via PubMed), Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was systematically searched from inception to 12 October 2016. Studies that met the set inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified by two independent investigators. The diagnostic value of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP7] for AKI was evaluated by pooled sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio (LR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve analyses. The causes of heterogeneity were explored by sensitivity and subgroup analyses.
A total of nine published and eligible studies assessing 1886 cases were included in this meta-analysis. Early diagnostic value of urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP7] for AKI was assessed using a random-effects model. Pooled sensitivity and specificity with corresponding 95% CIs were 0.83 (95% CI 0.79–0.87, heterogeneity I 2 = 68.8%) and 0.55 (95% CI 0.52–0.57, I 2 = 92.9%), respectively. Pooled positive LR, negative LR, and DOR were 2.37 (95% CI 1.87–2.99, I 2 = 82.6%), 0.30 (95% CI 0.21–0.41, I 2 = 43.4%), and 9.92 (95% CI 6.09–16.18, I 2 = 38.5%), respectively. The AUC estimated by SROC was 0.846 (SE 0.027) with a Q* value of 0.777 (SE 0.026). Sensitivity analysis indicated that one study significantly affected the stability of pooled results. Subgroup analysis showed that population setting and AKI threshold were the key factors causing heterogeneity in pooled sensitivity and specificity.
On the basis of recent evidence, urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP7] is an effective predictive factor of AKI.
PROSPERO registration number: CRD42016051186. Registered on 10 November 2016.
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- Diagnostic value of urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 for acute kidney injury: a meta-analysis
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