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Erschienen in: Der Schmerz 6/2021

10.09.2021 | Diagnostik in der Schmerzmedizin | Pain Clinical Updates

Nervenkompressionssyndrome – eine aktuelle Betrachtung von Pathophysiologie, klinischer Untersuchung und Management

Deutsche Fassung

verfasst von: Annina B. Schmid, Joel Fundaun, Brigitte Tampin

Erschienen in: Der Schmerz | Ausgabe 6/2021

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Zusammenfassung

Nervenkompressionssyndrome („Engpass-Syndrome“) wie Karpaltunnelsyndrom, Radikulopathien oder radikulärer Schmerz sind die häufigsten peripheren Nervenläsionen und auch die häufigste Ursache für neuropathischen Schmerz. Trotz ihrer hohen Prävalenz stellen sie diagnostisch und therapeutisch weiterhin oft eine klinische Herausforderung dar. Die vorliegende Übersicht bietet aktuelle Informationen zur Ätiologie und Pathophysiologie von Nervenkompressionssyndromen; dafür wird die Evidenz aus präklinischen wie auch klinischen Studien zusammengefasst. Mögliche Mechanismen werden in den Kontext klinischer Befunde gestellt. Das aktuelle diagnostische Vorgehen wird erörtert, diagnostische Fallstricke werden beleuchtet. Zuletzt fasst der Beitrag die Evidenz für die nichtinvasive und chirurgische Therapie häufiger Nervenkompressionssyndrome zusammen und zeigt zukünftige Forschungsbereiche auf.
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Metadaten
Titel
Nervenkompressionssyndrome – eine aktuelle Betrachtung von Pathophysiologie, klinischer Untersuchung und Management
Deutsche Fassung
verfasst von
Annina B. Schmid
Joel Fundaun
Brigitte Tampin
Publikationsdatum
10.09.2021
Verlag
Springer Medizin
Erschienen in
Der Schmerz / Ausgabe 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0932-433X
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-2129
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00482-021-00584-z

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